Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в поле справа.
1. Dogs are time-consuming animals.
2. Your choice depends on the home environment.
3. If the dog travels with you.
4. It is necessary to analyze the reasons.
5. When the puppy is sick.
6. If you are allergic.
7. The financial costs can be high.
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений A—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Вы услышите запись дважды.
A. Ted wants to find a part-time job.
B. Ted’s father has a good business.
C. His father’s company opens a lot of shops in his region.
D. Ted wants to have a creative job.
E. Jane advices Ted to sell his father’s business.
F. Jane recommends Ted to think about expanding the company of Ted’s father.
G. Ted doesn’t want to work in his father’s company because the work is dangerous.
The snow crystals grow from ...
What does Jane say about a snow crystal’s shape?
1) It’s absolutely different for every crystal.
2) It may be in one of two basic patterns.
3) It doesn’t depend on the air temperature.
According to Jane, why does snow seem to be blue sometimes?
1) Because of peculiarities in the light reflection.
2) Because of the amount of sunlight.
3) Because of the distance we look at it from.
According to Jane, which places are more likely to get more snowfall?
1) Any highlands.
2) Warmer areas.
3) Coastal territories.
Which of the following is among Jane’s recommendations to a driver caught in a snow storm?
1) Leave the car immediately.
2) Don’t turn on the engine.
3) Put a bright object above the car.
Which of the following may be a symptom of an illness caused by snow? It can be ...
1) red skin.
2) irrational behavior.
Which positive use of snow does Jane NOT mention?
1) Production of electricity.
2) Growing crops.
3) Drinking water provision.
Раздел 2. Чтение
2. Establishment of trade union
3. Development of the profession
5. Business profile
6. Major social significance
7. History of bakery
8. Chocolate in the Konditorei
A. Some bakery shops provide services for special occasions such as weddings, birthday parties, anniversaries, or even business events. Bakery shops can provide a wide range of cakes designs such as sheet cakes, layer cakes, tiered cakes, and wedding cakes. Other bakeries may specialize in traditional or hand made types of bread made with locally milled flour, without flour bleaching agents or flour treatment agents, baking what is sometimes referred to as artisan bread.
B. Grocery stores and supermarkets, in many countries, now carry prepackaged or pre-sliced bread, cakes, and other pastries. They can also offer in store baking and basic cake decoration. Nonetheless, some people may still prefer to get their baked goods from a small artisan bakery, either out of tradition, for the availability of a greater variety of baked goods, or for the higher quality products characteristic of trade of baking.
C. Baked goods have been around for thousands of years. The art of baking was developed early during the Roman Empire. It was a highly famous art as Roman citizens loved baked goods and demanded for them frequently for important occasions such as feasts and weddings. Due to the fame and desire that the art of baking received, around 300 BC, baking was introduced as an occupation and respectable profession for Romans. The bakers began to prepare bread at home in an oven, using mills to grind grain into the flour for their breads.
D. Although, the oncoming demand for baked goods vigorously continued and the first bakers' guild was established in 168 BC in Rome. This drastic appeal for baked goods promoted baking all throughout Europe and expanded into the eastern parts of Asia. Bakers started baking breads and goods at home and selling them out on the streets. This trend became common and soon, baked products were getting sold in streets of Rome, Germany, London and many more.
E. As the demand for baked breads and goods significantly increased, this resulted into a system of delivering the goods to households. This provoked the bakers to establish a place where people could purchase baked goods for themselves. Therefore, in Paris, the first open-air bakery of baked goods was developed and since then, bakeries became a common place to purchase delicious goods and get together around the world. By the colonial era, bakeries were commonly viewed as places to gather and socialize.
F. Konditorei sells pastries. Regularly they also offer a selection of different coffees and soft drinks, and many even carry beer and spirits. A Konditorei puts emphasis on the artistic aspect of the trade and, unlike a bakery, does not produce breads. The craft developed when particular bakers specialized in the creation of sweet bread to which candied fruits and other sweet ingredients were added. The origin of the word Konditor (the Konditorei's baker) stems from the Latin word candire, which stands for ‘candying of fruits'.
G. The profession of the Konditor developed from that of the baker. Once the bakers of medieval times mastered the art of baking bread, some started to rarefy the dough with honey, dried fruits and spices. These specialists called themselves Lebkuchler. The Lebkuchen bakers ran a second trade using wax, a side product of honey: they became chandlers, supplying churches and private households with artistic candles, wax figures and pictures made of wax. The Lebkuchner were turned to confectioners later and finally became Konditoreien.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке лишняя.
1. different speech tones would vary the strength of an electric current in a wire
2. and sent back to the other side
3. making a telephone call for the first time
4. and still needed some improvements
5. through an electric wire from one place to another
6. to imagine transmitting multiple messages over the same wire at the same time
7. that would transmit human speech
Before the invention of the telephone instant communication over long distances was done by a wire-based electric system called the telegraph. Telegraph communication basically consisted of sending series of dots and dashes called Morse code A_________. Although this was a highly successful system back then, it was limited to sending one message at a time, which had to be decoded by an expert in Morse code before a reply could be formulated В________.
In the 1870s, two inventors both independently designed devices that could transmit speech electrically. Alexander Graham Bell was the first to patent his device first and he called it the telephone. Bell’s extensive knowledge of the nature of sound and his understanding of music enabled him C________. His idea was based on the principle that several notes could be sent simultaneously along the same wire if they were of differed pitches. Bell then paired up with a young electrician by the name of Thomas Watson and worked on the idea of developing a device [b_]D[/b]______.
By 1875 they had progressed significantly and had proven that E________. On 2nd June of that year, Bell mistakenly managed to transmit sound over a wire during an experiment with Watson. By July they had built what was to be the main elements of the telephone. Bell spoke into his instrument, “Do you understand what I say?” and Mr Watson answered “Yes”. However, the voice sounds were not very clear F__________. The first successful bi-directional transmission of clear speech by Bell and Watson was made on March 10, 1876 when Bell spoke into the device, “Mr Watson, come here, I want to see you,” and Watson answered.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
During the London Olympics, when excited sports fanatics (and their unfortunate relatives) flooded through the arrival gates of nearly all British airports and engaged in such thrilling activities as taking pictures of red phone boxes and riding the bus, it came to my attention (and the attention of many other British citizens, I dare say), that many tourists arrive to the U.K. with certain erroneous expectations of what awaits them.
The disappointment is evident on tourists’ faces as they travel through the country, discovering that the Queen does not walk her corgis up the Mall, our policemen will very rarely (if ever) say “Alio, alio,” and that most of us will not ask a stranger in for a cup of tea and a biscuit when you arrive on our doorstep. That said, however, nothing really disappoints a tourist more than a visit to the mysterious land of Scotland.
Having lived in Scotland for all of my 16 years, I have come to believe that I am an expert in all things Scottish, and therefore I think it is only right that I help the youth of America (and elsewhere) to obtain a more realistic view of what to expect when visiting ‘up North.’
A good starting place in Scottish culture, I believe, is haggis. Haggis is a ghastly concoction of oatmeal, onions, pepper, suet, and, oh yes, sheep organs. That’s right, haggis includes sheep’s stomach, heart, liver, lungs, and windpipe. This delightful dish is normally served on Robert Burn’s Night, when we all stand around in kilts and sing to it.
This brings me to the subject of kilts. Michael McIntyre once joked that the Scottish invented the kilt in order to look the complete opposite of the English, who wore trousers. This may be true; I don’t know. What I can tell you is that I am not currently wearing a kilt, nor is anyone in my family. Perhaps if I were to drive into a big town, I would find a man playing bagpipes in a kilt, or maybe see some guests in kilts at a wedding, but the average Scottish person does not wear a kilt on a daily basis.
Next, we have the aforementioned bagpipes. Pretty much everyone believes that all Scottish people love bagpipes. I do not. When played in a large field during, say, the Highland Games, I don’t mind them. That’s fine. It’s quite jolly, everyone feels patriotic, and all is well. However, when they are played in a small room while someone is carrying a haggis to the table and my ears feel like they are about to bleed, I must say that I’m not very fond of them. The average tourist will see and hear bagpipes during their visit, but you probably won’t see any young Scottish teenagers involved.
Finally, we have the Scottish citizen in general. Most people imagine Scots to be ginger (meaning having red hair, which I don’t), freckly (I am), bearded (I am not), and grumpy (I dare say that this is true — after all, it’s always raining here). Sure, you may find some people during your visit who fit that description, but you may be surprised to find that most Scottish people look like your average non-Scottish person. Are you shocked? I thought so.
There you go, a definitive guide to Scotland, as written by a very sarcastic teenager. I do hope it helps; please share it with your friends as I really don’t want to have to hear another tourist say, “It’s just like England, isn’t it?”
What inspired the author to write the text?
1) Love for Olympics.
2) Visitors’ views on Britain.
3) London’s attractions.
4) Conversations with sports fans.
According to the author, why were the tourists disappointed in Britain?
1) The police officers were not friendly.
2) Their anticipations were not met.
3) They failed to meet the Queen.
4) The famous English tea was not tasty.
The purpose of the text is to ...
1) reveal the mysteries of the Scottish land.
2) encourage tourists to visit Scotland.
3) give a true account of Scottish culture.
4) share a 16-year experience of living in Scotland.
The phrase ‘up North’ in “...what to expect when visiting ‘up North’ ...” (paragraph 3) refers to ...
1) the northern islands.
2) North America.
4) the north of England.
Which of the following statements about bagpipes is NOT true, according to the text?
1) They may raise spirits during big sports events.
2) They can make you feel proud of your country.
3) Visitors are likely to hear them playing.
4) They are popular among young Scottish people.
In what way is the author similar to a typical image of a Scottish person?
1) He has freckles.
2) He has red hair.
3) He has a beard.
4) He is cheerful.
Why does the author quote a tourist at the end of the text?
1) To encourage people to read and share the article.
2) То underline the annoyance at tourists’ disappointments.
3) To express a sarcastic attitude to Scottish sights.
4) To stress the differences between Scotland and England.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19 — 25. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.
MAKE______schoolchildren take tests is harming students’ interest in science, as well as having a negative impact on kids’ natural curiosity.
CANResearchers from Durham University warned that too many schools were teaching science just so students_______pass tests.
THEYThere is a lot of pressure for students to get to better schools. The experts said there was very little real science teaching going on that encouraged students to find out things for______. Learning by doing, experimenting and seeing should be at the heart of all physics, chemistry and biology lessons.
APPROACHLead researcher Professor Peter Tymms said it was important to develop new__________to primary school science.
COMPAREHe________today’s teaching with that of the past sixty years and found that testing was harming children’s natural desire to ask questions about science.
SAYProfessor Tymms made it clear what schools and science teachers needed to focus on _______, “The purpose of science in primary schools should be to foster a sense of curiosity and positive attitudes in the young child.
SOLVEIt should also guide the child in______ problems to do with the physical, natural and human worlds.”
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк 26—31, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните соответствующее поле справа полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.
DIFFERThe carnival de Venice became a public festivity in 1296. Wearing masks and costumes made it possible for people to hide any_________of class or status, and it was even allowed to make fun of the aristocracy.
EXHIBITThis time of regulated social outburst was a way for the Most Serene Republic of Venice to maintain order and power throughout the rest of the year. Public shows and_________were organized everywhere in the city,
JUGGLEwith musicians, dancers, acrobats and____________.
PERFORMAt the same time, parties and raffish____________ also took place in private houses and caf6s, and theaters hosted a growing number of masked plays.
NATIONThe carnival became ____________ famous and prestigious in the 18th century, when it reached its widest fame. At the end of the century, the tradition of wearing masks was forbidden, and the carnival survived, even though reduced, only in some island of the lagoon. It was only in 1979 that the ancient tradition was restored, in the form still seen today.
LAUGHNowadays masked people fill the streets with smiles and _______________, and several events are organized all around the city.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 — 38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32 — 38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Over the last decade, Ray Mears has become world-famous as an authority on the subject of survival in the wilderness. 32_______people throughout the world have seen his television programmes in which he 33______on his knowledge of survival. He has a down-to-earth approach, showing an obvious love for his subject and a great deal of respect for the land and people he comes across.
34_____up in England, Ray discovered that the countryside around him was full of wildlife and he was drawn to learning more about it. His interest in the ways of survival was further 35_____by a teacher, who said to Ray, “In order to survive in the wild, you don’t need equipment, you need knowledge”.
So, Ray digested every 36______of information relating to survival that he could find, and then started practicing these ancient skills around the world.
He met local people who showed him to built 37_____, hunt for food, survive in very cold conditions. And in 1983, he founded The Woodlore School of Wilderness Bushcraft, so that others could also learn these skills.
Now, after many years of success, Ray’s love of outdoors 38_____the same. He is still a modest man and not someone to dwell on his fame and fortune. Instead, he prefers to roll up his sleeves and get his hands dirty, and show others the joys of survival outdoors.
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания 39, 40 используйте Бланк ответов № 2. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в Бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. При заполнении Бланка ответов № 2 вы указываете сначала номер задания 39, 40, а потом пишете свой ответ.
Раздел 5. Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Considering the forbidding aspect of their new land, it is not surprising that the music of the early settlers was essentially prayer set to song. The first music published in the Colonies appeared in the 1698 was the edition of the Bay Psalm Book.
In the early 1700s the well-to-do imported manuscripts of music from Europe to play for dancing and concerts. In the early 1800s more people had time and money for the pursuit of culture, and the music of European courts and concert halls was widely heard, especially in the cities.
By the mid-1800s European romantic melodies were the favourite music. Into this ‘sea’ of romanticism sailed American first great songwriter, Stephen Foster, who became famous in the 1850s for My Old Kentucky Home and other ‘plantation songs’, as he called them. America, at last, was beginning to find a voice of its own, and Foster’s melodies were sung in the minstrel shows popular in his days.
With the wave of German immigration in the mid-19th century came many trained musicians who — as performers, composers, and teachers — spread enthusiasm for romanticism and for that romantic instrument, the piano. The already growing piano business increased tremendously. One of the chief manufacturers was Henry Steinweg, a German immigrant, who changed his name to Steinway. By 1860 there were 22000 pianos in America.
Study the advertisement.
You are seeking for a part-time job and now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
1) age of the applicants
2) required skills of the applicants
3) working schedule (working hours)
4) main duties
5) location of the employer
You have 20 seconds to ask each questions.
These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
— where and when the photo was taken
— what/who is in the photo
— what is happening
— why you keep the photo in your album
— why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number …”
Study the two photographs.
In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
— give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
— say what the pictures have in common
— say in what way the pictures are different
— say which of the churches presented in the pictures you’d like more
— explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12—15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.
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