Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в поле справа.
1. Writing Valentines has a very long history.
2. It’s time to waste money.
3. Valentines make a big business.
4. There’s always something against the Day.
5. It’s a traditional Valentine’s Day present and no one should spare money for it.
6. Its traditions tend to fade.
7. Even journalists need information about Valentine’s Day.
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений A—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Вы услышите запись дважды.
A. Linda and Frank are going to the movies.
B. Mel Gibson’s character fights in the War of Independence.
C. Frank thinks the plot benefits from love stories.
D. Mel Gibson’s character falls in love with a British girl.
E. Frank finds the film unrealistic in many ways.
F. Frank is sure costumes will be the main attraction for Linda in the film.
G. Linda plans to see the film that very night.
What does Andy concentrate his attention on before he goes to a shoot?
1) Celebrities’ life.
2) Celebrities’ mimic.
3) Celebrities’ clothes.
How does Andy capture celebrities’ expressions?
1) He talks to them about the expressions.
2) He captures them in a spontaneous conversation.
3) He makes them sit for the portrait.
Andy often shoots celebrities ...
2) in a studio.
3) at a celebrity’s own home.
Andy thinks that Paul Newman is the most memorable photoshoot because...
1) it was difficult to shoot him as he was making jokes.
2) he was very serious in shots.
3) he did not like to be photographed.
How does Andy prepare the celebrities for a photo shoot?
1) He asks them not to wear flashy clothes.
2) He asks them not to buy flowers.
3) He asks them not to speak loudly.
Who has inspired Andy’s work?
1) Famous photographers.
2) Famous artists.
3) Famous actors.
Andy is working on the Project for...
1) Film Association.
2) American Academy of Cinema.
3) British Academy of Film and Television Arts.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Understanding the architecture
2. The restoration of the city
3. A difficult choice
4. A multisided person
5. A very strong building
6. A very long construction
7. The last shelter of the architect
8. An intellectual pastime
A. “Architecture aims at Eternity,” said the great British architect Sir Christopher Wren. This may appear a rather arrogant statement today, but in Wren’s case we can forgive such feelings. His great buildings still look beautiful and majestic. His greatest masterpiece, St Paul’s cathedral in London, is a fundamental part of the London skyline. Because it survived the bombing raids during the World War II, it has come to be a symbol of strength and hope.
B. Wren was not only an architect. He was interested in everything and was a great man of science, or natural philosophy as it was known in the 17th century. In fact, he came relatively late to architecture. When he was still a teenager, he began doing his own scientific experiments. For example, he made models of the solar system and of how muscles work. When he was a student at Oxford University, he did experiments in anatomy and made detailed drawings of the human brain.
C. Wren was a friend of the other great scientists of the day and was a founding member of the Royal Society. Wren once organized a competition for his friends to see which of them could prove that the force that keeps the planets in their orbit decreases as an inverse square of the distance from the sun. They didn’t succeed. Three years later, Newton published his proof together with his Law of Universal Gravitation.
D. Wren was interested in everything in the world around him, including, naturally, architecture. He had read “On Architecture” by the Roman writer Vitruvius and later visited Rome, where he was very impressed by the magnificent buildings. Wren had very clear ideas about the purpose of architecture. It was about beauty, elegance and power. At the same time, it was about mathematics and geometry, and providing simple solutions to complex engineering problems.
E. In 1664, Wren was asked to design the Sheldonian Theatre in Oxford. A year later, he designed a chapel for Pembroke College, Cambridge. In 1666, most of London was destroyed in the Great Fire. Now was the time for a great architect to come forward and rebuild the city in a grand style that was suitable for the English capital. Wren produced detailed plans. He replaced the old, winding streets with a geometrical plan of the street. The plan was never approved. However, it did influence on other architects, especially in America.
F. The building of St Paul’s Cathedral took 35 years to complete. The large dome of it is still a prominent feature of the London skyline. The design and construction of the dome shows clearly how Wren wanted to provide a simple, beautiful solution to a difficult engineering problem. Architecture writer Harry Mount comments, “Wren used all his engineering skill to create something beautiful that hid the complex structures that supported it.”
G. St Paul’s is Wren’s greatest work. So it seems appropriate that Wren is buried in the cathedral that he created. The epitaph on the tomb stone is written in Latin. In English, it translates as, “Here lies buried Christopher Wren, the builder of this church and city; who lived beyond the age of ninety years, not for himself, but for the public good. If you want to see his memorial, look around you.”
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке лишняя.
1. as China was the birthplace of porcelain
2. within the fired body at these high
3. the term porcelain lacks a universal definition
4. generally including clay in the form of kaolin
5. it can be difficult to distinguish between stoneware and porcelain
6. because of its resemblance to the translucent surface
7. to chemical attack and thermal shock
Porcelain is a ceramic material made by heating materials, A_________, in a kiln to temperatures between 1,200 and 1,400 °C (2,200 and 2,600°F). The toughness, strength, and translucence of porcelain arises mainly from the formation of glass and the mineral mullet В__________________temperatures.
Porcelain derives its present name from the old Italian porcellana (cowrie shell) C______________of the shell. Porcelain can informally be referred to as “china” or “fine china” in some English-speaking countries, D____________making. Properties associated with porcelain include low permeability and elasticity; considerable strength, hardness, toughness, whiteness, translucency and resonance; and a high resistance E______________.
For the purposes of trade, the Combined Nomenclature of the European Communities defines porcelain as being “completely vitrified, hard, impermeable (even before glazing), white or artificially coloured, translucent (except when of considerable thickness), and resonant.” However, F_____________and has “been applied in a very unsystematic fashion to substances of diverse kinds which have only certain surface- qualities in common” (Burton 1906).
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
A robot is a mechanical or virtual artificial agent, usually an electromechanical machine that is guided by a computer programme or electronic circuitry. Robots can be autonomous or semi-autonomous and range from humanoids such as Honda’s Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility (ASIMO) and TOSY’s TOSY Ping Pong Playing Robot (TOPIO) to industrial robots, collectively programmed swarm robots, and even microscopic nano robots. By mimicking a lifelike appearance or automating movements, a robot may convey a sense of intelligence or thought of its own.
The branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing is robotics. which operates semi- or fully autonomously to perform services useful to the well-being of humans and equipment, excluding manufacturing operations.”
Thus there are concerns about the increasing use of robots and their role in society. Robots are blamed for rising unemployment as they replace workers in increasing numbers of functions. The use of robots in military combat raises ethical concerns. The possibilities of robot autonomy and potential repercussions have been addressed in fiction and may be a realistic concern in the future.
Which of the following does NOT refer to the robot?
1) A robot is regulated by a computer programme.
2) There are different types of robots.
3) All robots convey a sense of intelligence.
4) Some robots are self-regulating.
Robots are controlled by ...
1) space machines.
2) human beings.
3) other machines
4) a self-guided sustem
How many types of robots are mentioned ...
ASIMO is ...
4) a collectively programmed swarm robot
Robotics is aimed to ....
1) help people in various spheres of life and operate machines
2) perform dangerous tasks.
3) to replace humans in extreme environment.
4) to do manufacturing operations
What does the authour of the article think about the usage of robots in military combat?
1) They are going to do it soon .
2) They will do it later.
3) They won't do it
4) They are not going to do it soon.
The most negative impact robots create nowadays is ...
1) replacing people.
2) lack of places.
3) constant military menace.
4) powerful possibilities of their artificial minds.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19 — 25. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.
MONTHThe New Year is when we make plans to change our life for the better over the next twelve_________.
ONEA psychiatry professor said, “The _________of January is a ‘magical’ date
POWERFULand a vow made on this day is much ____________than one made on August 26, for example.”
NOT FULFILLUnfortunately, most of our promises to quit, start or change things are, more often than not, broken by January 31st. They are usually identical to resolutions that ____________from the previous years.
KEEPPeople tend to make the same resolutions year after year, even though they have a hard time_______them. Around 45 per cent of us make a New Year’s resolution.
HEALTHYThe most common ones are to lose weight, volunteer to help others, quit smoking, save money, and get fit. Others include eating_______food, drinking less alcohol, and going on trips. Research shows that most of us do not stick to these.
TRYMost people give up because they have a lack of willpower. They also use the ‘escape clause’ that they_________again next year.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк 26—31, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните соответствующее поле справа полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.
GOVERNFood experts in the USA are asking the _________to make new salt laws.
MANUFACTUREAmerica’s Institute of Medicine wants the Food and Drug Administration to limit the amount of salt put in food. This would affect how food ___________and restaurants prepare their food.
RECOMMENDThe institute believes America’s love affair with salt must end. Salt intake is the same as it was decades ago, despite many health drives to get people to use less. Its main __________is to set standards for safe levels of salt in food.
SCIENCENot everyone is happy with this request. Lori Roman, head of America’s Salt Institute, said the recommendations were “not _______sound.”
PERSONRoman added, “They’re talking about some very drastic reductions. They could be harming people.” Gary Howard, a spokesman for the Campaign for Liberty group says, “It’s another attack on people’s_________ freedom.” Supporters of the bill say America’s health must come first. Lowering salt could reduce high blood pressure and improve the well-being of hundreds of thousands of people.
FAILHigh blood pressure affects a third of U.S. adults, or around 75 million people. It also increases the risks of having heart attacks, strokes and kidney_______.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 — 38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32 — 38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Everyone needs to be able to sing. It’s fine if you naturally have perfect pitch but if not, the embarrassment 32_____________birthdays and other events. People who can sing take this musical ability 33_________ granted. If you can’t sing, people make fun of you, until the teasing just isn’t amusing any longer.
Luckily on-line courses make it possible to improve your singing voice over the Internet! With the help of technology, these classes are as good as having a real live singing teacher right in your living room. Singing lessons at home are 34____________because you can fit them around your life.
They are taken at any time in the privacy of your own home, and if you are very embarrassed, you can do them when nobody else is about to hear. Moreover, vocal lessons you take in your own home allow you to succeed rapidly. You get your singing education at your own 35 ___________ and it’s up to you to decide how fast you will go. This means the course is fully customized for you.No matter how bad your voice is singing courses can help you, although if you do not have the talent, they will not 36________you into the next pop star. Most singing courses start off with the simplest of exercises, and as you progress, give you more advanced instructions to help improve your singing skills. Soon you’ll find yourself singing the most complicated melodies, and this will 37_______up your confidence!
Perhaps you would like to sing in a public forum onstage? Does learning about different singing styles and harmonies sound interesting to you? Whatever singing category you are interested 38______, on-line courses can assist you with your singing goals.
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания 39, 40 используйте Бланк ответов № 2. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в Бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. При заполнении Бланка ответов № 2 вы указываете сначала номер задания 39, 40, а потом пишете свой ответ.
Раздел 5. Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Chimps can use sign language to talk to their trainers. Monkeys can learn to count. A crow can figure out how to use a stick to get at that hard-to-reach grub. Chickens can learn to play checkers. Even worms can be taught to run mazes. So which animal is the smartest? You’re probably thinking that chimps are smarter than chickens. And that crows are smarter than worms. But where do those rankings come from?
And how come we think dogs are so smart? Sure, a dog might be clever enough to fetch his leash when he wants to go out. But the same mutt might also bark at the vacuum cleaner and spend a whole hour chasing his own tail. How can you measure an animal’s brain power? The hardest part is coming up with the right test. Even if you could find a test that was perfectly fair to all animals, in a way it’s silly to ask whether one kind of animal is smarter than another.
Study the advertisement.
You are considering choosing where to stay in during your holiday in Venice. You are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
1) how to get there
2) what facilities
3) the price of a single room per night
4) Internet connection
5) available from 24th August to 30,h August
You have 20 seconds to ask each questions.
These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
— where and when the photo was taken
— what/who is in the photo
— what is happening
— why you keep the photo in your album
— why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number …”
Study the two photographs.
In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
— give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
— say what the pictures have in common
— say in what way the pictures are different
— say which of the churches presented in the pictures you’d like more
— explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12—15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.
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