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Вариант 16

Раздел 1. Аудирование

B1
B1
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись
  1. I eat little and rather irregularly.
  2. I am trying to get used to everyday healthy activities.
  3. I feel unable to stop myself from eating.
  4. I am afraid of having the same health problems as my relatives do.
  5. I am willing to return to a healthy lifestyle despite being tired.
  6. I am sure that I exercise enough while carrying out my everyday duties.
  7. I feel now like starting a healthy life again.
ГоворящийABCDEF
Утверждение

Вы услышите разговор друзей. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1 — А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

A1
A1

Mike's administrative work was very well paid.

  • 1. True
  • 2. False
  • 3. Not stated
A2
A2

Mary did not do well at University because she had to earn her living.

  • 1. True
  • 2. False
  • 3. Not stated
A3
A3

Mary was younger than the other students at her university.

  • 1. True
  • 2. False
  • 3. Not stated
A4
A4

Mary thinks that regular classes are rather time-consuming.

  • 1. True
  • 2. False
  • 3. Not stated
A5
A5

Mary thinks that she can't study better than when she was younger.

  • 1. True
  • 2. False
  • 3. Not stated
A6
A6

Distance learning seems to be very convenient for Mary.

  • 1. True
  • 2. False
  • 3. Not stated
A7
A7

Mike does not feel disappointed about going to University.

  • 1. True
  • 2. False
  • 3. Not stated

Вы услышите рассказ студента, переехавшего жить в Данию. В заданиях А8—А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

A8
A8

The narrator was brought up mainly in

  • 1. Denmark.
  • 2. England.
  • 3. the USA.
A9
A9

The narrator is not happy about Danish grocery stores because of

  • 1. the quality of the products.
  • 2. their size.
  • 3. the poor choice of foods.
A10
A10

The narrator criticizes

  • 1. the lifestyle in Denmark.
  • 2. Danish supermarkets.
  • 3. the Danish diet.
A11
A11

The prices in the Danish stores are quite high because

  • 1. the level of service is very high.
  • 2. everything is imported from abroad.
  • 3. there are no artificial foods.
A12
A12

According to the unwritten rules of Danish supermarket culture

  • 1. you pack all the food you buy on your own, without any help.
  • 2. shop assistants are always ready to pack your food for you.
  • 3. there are clerks whose duty is to help you with your bagging.
A13
A13

When the narrator says, "I do miss American convenience" it means that he

  • 1. wants ready-made dinners to be delivered to his place.
  • 2. wants to rent a flat near a big supermarket.
  • 3. doesn't like to spend much time cooking his meals.
A14
A14

Having lived in Denmark for a few years as a student, the narrator

  • 1. feels nostalgic about the USA.
  • 2. believes it to be a good place for him.
  • 3. pities Danish people.
 

Раздел 2. Чтение

B2
B2
Установите соответствие тем 1 — 8 текстам A — G. Занесите свои ответы в соответствующее поле справа. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.
  • 1. Controlling skies
  • 2. Lack of safety
  • 3. Bicycle is faster
  • 4. Office at home
  • 5. Blocked roads
  • 6. Paid roads
  • 7. Improving railways
  • 8. Buses instead of cars

A. The world's first public passenger railway was built in Great Britain in 1826 and ran between the industrial north-eastern towns of Stockton and Darlington. After 180 years' experience the British say that their trains still don't seem to run efficiently or even safely. On average, about 500 accidents with broken rail tracks happen in the country every year.

B. The British government is promising to give £33.5 billion to modernise the railways before 2010. Another £30 billion is to come from the private sector. The main target is to increase safety and speed. For example, new London-to-Scotland high-speed trains significantly reduce journey times and in 2004 a warning system was installed throughout the country.

C. Statistics show that only 12% of all journeys made in Britain are by public transport. The remaining 88% are made by car. Every year British people spend about two weeks travelling to and from work including nine days in their own cars. But anyone will say this isn't a quick and easy way to travel. In fact, a journey from London to Manchester frequently takes seven hours. A cyclist could get there quicker.

D. Every year there are about half a million traffic jams in Britain. That is nearly 10,000 a week. There are hundreds of big traffic jams every day. According to the forecast, the number of jams will grow by 20 per cent over the next ten years. Nearly a quarter British people find themselves in a jam every day and 55 per cent at least once a week.

E. Nowadays many British people take their children to school by car. Twenty years ago, nearly one in three primary school children made their own way to school. Now only one child in nine makes their own way. During the school year at 08:50 a.m. one car in five on the roads in any British town is taking children to school. The solution could be special school buses widely used in the USA.

F. Many scientists hope that new technologies allowing more people to work at home may help with traffic problems. Fewer people will work from 9 to 5 and travel to and from work during the rush hour. But only 15% of people now want to spend more time working at home. The workplace is, for many people, a place to meet other people and to talk to them, so they would miss it if they worked from home.

G. In 1903, the Wright brothers made the first aeroplane flight. It only lasted 12 seconds but changed the world forever. A century later, air travel is no longer a miracle, it is part of everyday life. One billion air passengers now fly every year — that's equivalent to a sixth of the world's population. To make sure everything runs smoothly, there are special air traffic control centres in each country which watch every aeroplane.

ABCDEFG
B3
B3

Установите соответствие тем 1 — 7 текстам A — F. Занесите свои ответы в соответствующее поле справа. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.

Elephants sense 'danger' clothes
  • 1. either a Maasai or a Kamba man
  • 2. who do not hunt elephants
  • 3. when they detected the smell of clothes
  • 4. who carried out the research
  • 5. the amount of risk they sense
  • 6. spearing elephants
  • 7. when they spotted red but not white cloth

St Andrews University researchers discovered that elephants could recognise the degree of danger posed by various groups of individuals. The study found that African elephants always reacted with fear A ___ previously worn by men of the Maasai tribe. They are known to demonstrate their courage by В ___ .

The elephants also responded aggressively to red clothing, which defines traditional Maasai dress. However, the elephants showed a much milder reaction to clothing previously worn by the Kamba people, С ___ and pose little threat.

The researchers first presented elephants with clean, red clothing and with red clothing that had been worn for five days by D ___ .

They revealed that Maasai-smelt clothing motivated elephants to travel significantly faster in the first minute after they moved away. They then investigated whether elephants could also use the colour of clothing as a cue to classify a potential threat and found the elephants reacted with aggression E ___ . This suggested that they associated the colour red with the Maasai.

The researchers believe the distinction in the elephants' emotional reaction to smell and colour might be explained by F ___ . They might be able to distinguish among different human groups according to the level of risk they posed. «We regard this experiment as just a start to investigating precisely how elephants 'see the world', and it may be that their abilities will turn out to equal or exceed those of our closer relatives, the monkeys and apes,» researchers added.

ABCDEF

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15—А21, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Cry-baby

It was almost midnight before they got around to giving the Oscars to the really well-known personalities. At first a series of guest stars had awarded the prizes: to the best designer, to the best special-effects man, for the best technical invention for motion pictures during the year, and to all the other people, so unknown outside the industry, but so significant within it.

I looked around the theatre, recognizing most of the weighty faces in the business, but not caring much. You see, I was pretty nervous. Myra Caldwell, whom I had brought to the ceremony, was sitting there beside me, and right across the aisle was Joan Weyland. Now, to get the picture properly, you have to remember that during that particular year Myra had played the sensational supporting role in The Devil Loses and had been called the greatest find in the history of pictures. But that was the same year that Joan Weyland had stolen a big picture called Calumet Centre right out from under the nose of one of the most famous female stars in the industry. The only other actress nominated was not given much chance. Now in a few minutes, they were going to announce who had won the Oscar for the Best Supporting Actress of the year. It was the hottest Contest and everybody was aware of it. Furthermore, it was no secret that the two leading contestants would be delighted to boil each other in oil — win, lose, or draw. And here they were across the aisle from each other. Do you get why I was nervous?

Then the lights went down. They were going to run short scenes from the pictures for which the actors and actresses had been nominated. The supporting-actress pictures were coming on, and here was Joan Weyland in her grand scene from Calumet Centre. The audience started to applaud as soon as they saw her.

After that they ran a short episode from Whirlwind, showing the other nominee, a refugee actress called Tanya Braden. I had never seen the picture of the actress, and the picture hadn't made much money, but there was no doubt she could act! She played the star's mother and she made you believe it.

Then they ran Myra's big moment in The Devil Loses. After it was over, I tried to guess who had the biggest chance.

"I think I won," Myra said to me.

The lights went up. The old actor, who had won the Supporting Actor award the year before, came through the curtains and prepared to present the award. I didn't see how I was going to live through the next few minutes. He got the envelope and began opening it very slowly.

He was loving every second of it, the old man. Then he looked at the little piece of paper.

"The Winner," he said, then paused again, "is Miss Tanya Braden, for her performance in Whirlwind "

Well, I'm not too sure about the sequence of events that followed. I don't remember the applause, because Joan let out a loud cry from across the aisle that drowned out everything else. Then Myra started to cry. I don't mean cry like the ordinary person, but I mean cry so that the building shook.

Then Joan jumped to her feet and started out, and her mother accompanied her. But I couldn't do anything with Myra. The show was interrupted and the whole theatre was staring at her. I picked her up and carried her out.

It wasn't a very pleasant performance, but I think there is some excuse. After all, Joan is 8 years old, and Myra is only 6, and she isn't used to being up so late. I'm a little on her side anyway. And why not? I'm her father.

A15
A15

At the beginning of the Oscar ceremony prizes were awarded

  • 1. to the most famous stars among the winners.
  • 2. to the best director.
  • 3. for the best film.
  • 4. to the secondary members of shooting crews.
A16
A16

Joan Weyland and Myra Caldwell were present at the ceremony because they

  • 1. had both played in one film which had an Oscar nomination.
  • 2. had been nominated as two of the Best Supporting Actresses of the year.
  • 3. wanted to see the well-known personalities of the film industry.
  • 4. accompanied the nominees.
A17
A17

The phrase Myra "had been called the greatest find in the history of pictures" means that

  • 1. she found the best way to perform her role.
  • 2. she was awarded with a prize for the best performance in the history of cinema.
  • 3. her debut was called very successful.
  • 4. she revealed sensational facts in the film "The Devil Loses".
A18
A18

"Calumet Centre" was

  • 1. a picture by some popular artist.
  • 2. a film in which a famous actor starred.
  • 3. a picture painted by a famous female star.
  • 4. a film in which Joan was given a role instead of a famous actress.
A19
A19

The narrator describes the relations between Joan and Myra as

  • 1. friendship.
  • 2. rivalry.
  • 3. sympathy.
  • 4. partnership.
A20
A20

The narrator liked the performance of the third nominee, Tanya Braden, because she

  • 1. played her part very convincingly.
  • 2. was very beautiful.
  • 3. was a well-known actress.
  • 4. played as a partner of a world-famous star.
A21
A21

Myra's and Joan's reactions to the announcement about Tanya's victory could be excused because they

  • 1. were very proud of themselves.
  • 2. had performed their roles better than Tanya.
  • 3. were very young.
  • 4. were very famous actresses.
 

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4—В10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4 — В10. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.

Natural Wonders: Meteor Crater
B4
B4

CauseSome of the natural wonders are known for their beauty. The Meteor Crater is not one of them. It looks like a big hole in the desert. It ___ by a meteorite hitting the earth thousands of years ago.

B5
B5

LargeThe crater is 4,145 feet across, and 570 feet deep. It is the ___ impact crater in the entire world.

B6
B6

ThinkWhen Europeans discovered it in 1871, they ___ it was the top of a volcano.

B7
B7

ExploreSince then, scientists ___ the crater for many years, but there are still many secrets and mysteries hiding inside it.

It was simple
B8
B8

PackOne day last summer my nine-year-old daughter went off to the camp. All her things ___ in a small bag.

B9
B9

GoodTwo weeks later, Anna came back home and I unpacked her things. Everything was clean and well folded. "Camp sure has changed you. Your things look much ___ than usual."

B10
B10

Child"It was simple, Mom," she answered. "I didn't unpack. Many ___ did the same."

Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк В11—В16, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11—В16.

Invention of Potato Chips
B11
B11

ExpensiveThe potato chip was invented in 1853 by George Crum who was a chef at a restaurant in New York. Fried potatoes were popular at the restaurant because they were rather ___ , but one day a visitor complained that the slices were too thick.

B12
B12

NerveCrum made thinner slices, but the ___ customer was still dissatisfied.

B13
B13

ExtremeCrum finally made fries that were too thin to eat with a fork, hoping to annoy the ___ difficult customer.

B14
B14

InventBut the customer was happy — and that was the ___ of potato chips!

B15
B15

Industry___ manufacturing of potato chips began in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1895.

B16
B16

The chips gained even more ___ in 1926 when a wax paper potato chip bag was invented that helped to keep them fresh and crisp.

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22 — А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22 — А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Helping Mother

"Liz! Remember to clean up the basement, ok?" was still lying in bed, sighed heavily and A22 ___ . "All right, mom," she answered flatly, dragging herself out of bed. She got changed and headed downstairs for breakfast. As usual, the whole family was already seated at the dining table. Liz greeted everyone and sat at a A23 ___ seat next to her elder brother Evan. "Pass me the butter, bro," she said. "Sure," Evan replied and passed it to her. "Thanks," Liz said, and A24 __ a thin layer of it onto her toast. Mrs. Parker placed an arm onto her daughter's shoulder. "Honey, I know it's going to be a tiring day for you, and I'd like your brother to help too. But he's got to head back to school for a day-long band practice. Liz sat still and didn't utter a A25 ___ word. She was mad that Evan had band practice and did not need to help in the A26 ___ chores. "I know what you're thinking, Liz. But honey, we really need your help. Dad's away on a A27 ___ trip, you know, his boss has sent him, Evan's busy with band practices, and I've got to help your grandma. You know, her health's been poor these days-" "Ok, ok. Enough of it, mom. I'll clean up the basement," Liz said. Sometimes she wished her mother wouldn't explain the reasons to her. Anyway, she thought to herself, it'll be good to A28 ___ the basement a little. She hadn't stepped into it since they moved in here a couple of months ago. "Who knows something interesting will pop out of nowhere," she grinned.

A22
A23
A24
A25
A26
A27
A28
[/b]1234
[b]А22 waved nodded bowed bent
А23 clear unfilled blank vacant
А24 spread extended divided covered
А25 separate single only sole
А26 housework homework household housekeeping
А27 working official company business
А28 discover research explore analyze
 

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответов на задания С1, С2 используйте Бланк ответов № 2. При выполнении заданий С1 и С2 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в Бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. При заполнении Бланка ответов № 2 вы указываете сначала номер задания С1, С2, а потом пишете свой ответ.

C1. You have 20 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Bill who writes:

..A.t school we are doing projects on famous people of different countries. If I choose Russia whom should I write about? What is this person famous for and what do you know about him/her? Why do you think people in other countries should know about this person?

I've just watched an interesting wildlife TV programme ...

Write a letter to Bill

In your letter:

  • answer his questions;
  • ask 3 questions about his favourite TV programmes.

Write 100 — 140 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

 

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C2. You have 40 minutes to do this task. Comment on the following statement.

Some students think that the most important thing for a teacher is to make studying enjoyable for students.

What is your opinion?

Write 200—250 words.

Use the following plan:

  • make an introduction (state the problem);
  • express your personal opinion and give reasons for it;
  • give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don't agree with it;
  • draw a conclusion.

 

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