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Вариант 23

Раздел 1. Аудирование

1
1

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. In drama class

2. On board a plane

3. In the cinema

4. In a swimming pool

5. In an amusement park

2
2

Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. The speaker advises on how to keep healthy.

2. The speaker explains why he/she missed the class.

3. The speaker complains about his/her health.

4. The speaker describes a new health centre.

5. The speaker talks about his/her recent visit to a dentist.

6. The speaker talks about an accident he/she witnessed.

В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

3
3

Anna comes from

1) Australia.

2) America.

3) Europe.

4
4

Anna and Jack

1) are close relatives.

2) went to school together.

3) have met recently.

5
5

To get to her work, Anna usually uses

1) public transport.

2) her car.

3) her bicycle.

6
6

Anna says that she is

1) a manager.

2) an architect.

3) an engineer.

7
7

Jack speaks

1) one foreign language.

2) two foreign languages.

3) no foreign languages.

8
8

Jack’s favourite sport is

1) cycling.

2) surfing.

3) swimming.

 

Раздел 2. Чтение

9
9
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. То forgive and forget

2. How Maslenitsa is celebrated

3. The recipe for the holiday dish

4. Various functions of the holiday

5. How the holiday got its name

6. Why pancakes are essential at Maslenitsa

7. It is celebrated not only in Russia

8. Tasting competition

A. In the old days Maslenitsa was for remembrance of the dead. But in time, the Russian longing for fun and entertainment turned the sad holiday into the jolly Maslenitsa with blini — round, yellow and hot as the sun, sledding and horse sleigh riding, fistfights and chatting with the mother-in-law. The rituals of Maslenitsa are very unusual and interesting because they combine rituals for the end of winter and ceremonies for the start of spring, which were to promote a rich harvest.

B. Maslenitsa is one of the nicest holidays in Russia. The word Maslenitsa is derived from maslo, which means butter in Russian. It came from the tradition of baking pancakes {blini). Hot, round, and golden pancakes look like little suns. It is believed that they help to warm up the frozen earth. In the old days, pancakes were cooked from buckwheat flour, which gave them a red colour. Those pancakes symbolised the victory of the sun over the winter cold.

C. The circle has always been considered a holy shape in Russia. According to old beliefs, it protected people from evil. On Maslenitsa, the Russians made pancakes, decorated the wheels of their carts, and danced the khorovod (the round folk dance). The aim of all those ceremonies was to please the Sun so that it would be kinder to people. Nowadays, not everyone remembers about the symbolic meaning of the pancakes, but everyone enjoys their taste.

D. Nowadays, Maslenitsa lasts for a whole week. It has turned into a fun festival with different folk entertainments such as sledding, burning scarecrows, bonfire jumping, and eating pancakes. Each day of the Maslenitsa festival has its name and programme. For example, Tuesday is called zaigrysh (game day). From that day all sorts of activities started: sleigh riding, folk festivals and puppet shows.

E. For simple, thin pancakes, a dough is prepared from flour, milk, eggs and some salt and sugar. The first thing you should do is to separate the yolks from the whites. Then stir the yolks with sugar, slowly adding milk while stirring. Add the salt and the hot, melted butter. Then start adding the flour (very slowly), stirring the mixture. As the last step, add the stirred whites. Now everything is ready for baking pancakes on the hot frying pans.

F. And during the last day of Maslenitsa, Russian Jack-straw, the symbol of winter, is burnt. People bid farewell to winter till the next year. There is another important tradition on Sunday — you have to ask for forgiveness from all your close relatives and friends. That is why Russians call each other on the phone or send messages and ask to forgive them for all the bad things they have done during the year.

G. The Russian Orthodox Maslenitsa festival, which marks the end of winter and the beginning of spring, has its origins in ancient sun worship. Every year since 2009, Russian pianist and producer Olga Balakleets has organized a week-long celebration of Russian culture around London. By chance or not it coincides with Maslenitsa. This festival included an impressive series of musical, cinematic and other events, along with a reception in the House of Commons.

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

Father’s Day

It was Father’s Day and we wanted to make that Sunday very special for our dad.

“Do you think we could prepare breakfast for Dad all by ourselves?” I asked Mum on Saturday night, right on the eve of Father’s Day.

“Of course,” said Mum, “I’m sure it’ll be the best breakfast of his life. At least he’ll never forget it, I’m sure.”

“Look, I have a plan,” Mum waved to my five-year-old brother, Chris, to come closer so that we could discuss it all together.

According to Mum’s plan, she would take Dorothy, our baby sister, for a walk early the next morning. Chris and I would cook breakfast for Dad and give it to him as a surprise. I was assigned to be the boss, which was perfectly fair as I was a year and a half older than Chris.

The next morning, I arranged all the foods on the kitchen table. Chris was watching me with respect.

“Dad always complains that Mum gives him porridge or cornflakes for breakfast. We need to make something different,” I said.

“Good idea,” nodded Chris. “Let’s make a meat pie.”

I had no reason to say no.

We took the metal thing Mum usually used when she made pies. I put some flour in it, poured in a bit of milk, and beat in one egg. Then I stirred the stuff with a spoon and it looked quite similar to the dough Mum usually used for her pie. Chris found some beef mince in the freezer and gave it to me. The mince was too hard to be spread on top the pie. After a short discussion, we decided to leave it as it was. The heat in the oven would cook it anyway.

We were careful to put some salt and pepper on the meat as Dad preferred his food spicy.

“Well, it’s almost ready,” I rubbed my hands. “Cooking is easy. Dad always says the same. Why does Mum make so much fuss about it?”

The only problem was the oven as we did not know how to switch it on. But it was not a good reason to wake up dad of course. The microwave was a perfect alternative to the oven. We put the pie in it and turned it on.

When we were making coffee, we dropped the kettle on the floor and it obviously woke up Dad. Or it could have been the fire alarm which started to wail because we had left our pie in the microwave a bit longer than it probably needed.

Anyway, we heard Dad’s footsteps on the staircase but his coffee was not ready yet! To save him from this disappointment, Chris opened the hot water tap, poured some water into Dad’s cup and put two tablespoons of instant coffee in it. It did not smell like the coffee from the coffee machine Mum usually made. But, on the other hand, Dad always complained that his coffee was too hot for him to drink. So hot that it, and the traffic jams of course made him late to his office. Our coffee was not hot at all.

When Dad rushed into the kitchen, he looked very surprised. The table was laid — his pie and his coffee was served perfectly in time, not like on the mornings when Mum made his breakfast.

At this very moment the doorbell rang. It was Mum with Dorothy. Mum said she had reserved a table for all of us in the coffee shop with our favourite PlayStation and asked us to hurry. Chris and I rushed to our room to get dressed. Dad was really quick with his breakfast. When we looked in the kitchen, his plate and his cup were already empty. He is a really big eater, our Dad! In the coffee shop he had a hearty breakfast too — the second one of the day.

10
10

Every year the father got a present from his children for Father’s Day.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

11
11

The children decided to cook a dish which was different from their father’s everyday breakfast.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

12
12

The children cooked breakfast without their mother’s permission.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

13
13

The children decided to cook a dish which was different from their father’s everyday breakfast.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

14
14

The father woke up because of some noise in the kitchen.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

15
15

There was no instant coffee in the house.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

16
16

The father’s office was very far from his house.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

17
17

On Father’s Day the family had their breakfast at home.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

 

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.

18
18

NOT/GOThis is a photo of me in Barcelona. Actually I had no intention of going to Spain. I had a ticket to Milan but________________there in the end.

19
19

TELLBut let me tell you the whole story. I________________it to all my friends already, but you know nothing about it yet.

20
20

HAVEFive years ago I graduated from university and a friend of mine informed me that they________________a vacancy in their company in Milan.

21
21

LOOKI_______________for a job at that time and decided to try my luck.

22
22

BUYSo l ________ a ticket to Milan.

23
23

UNUSUALFrankly, it was the________________journey I have ever taken.

24
24

DELAYWhen I arrived at the airport, the weather was fine and nothing indicated the coming storm. I had a quick bite in the cafe and was about to go to the check-in-desk when the weather changed dramatically. My flight_______________. And not only my flight!

25
25

BEThere________________lots of people for a flight to Barcelona who had to wait too. To my great surprise, among the passengers I recognised the players from the Barcelona Football Club, who I was a big fan of.

26
26

II don’t remember how it happened but we started to talk and they invited________________to see their game, which was to be the next day. I forgot about my job interview in Milan, changed my destination and saw an unforgettable football game.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.

27
27

INFORMThe Internet is a great invention that has changed the way we communicate forever. Nowadays, if you want to exchange _______________ with someone, it’s not important how far away the person is.

28
28

REALWhat________________matters is whether he has access to the Internet or not.

29
29

EQUIPI know that when people started to experiment with the Internet, it required lots of_______________.

30
30

POSSIBLEComputers and other devices were very large in size and it was ________________ to carry them around — they were always kept in a laboratory.

31
31

ELECTRONNow________________devices have got smaller — you can carry them in a handbag or in your pocket.

32
32

SCIENCEI’m not a ________ , or even an engineer, but I’m sure there will be lots of new Internet-related inventions in the near future.

 

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, John.

... I have some news for you — Гое started playing tennis recently. Mum says she hopes I won't give it up too soon. She's right — I give up everything too easily ... .... What sports are the most popular with your friends? What sports facilities does your school have? What do you do to keep fit? ...

Write him a letter and answer her 3 questions.

Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

Раздел 5. Говорение

34

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

Glass is a natural mineral. Natural glass is grey and hard to look through. Man-made glass was first produced in Egypt 5000 years ago. It was used for decorations because it had a green or blue colour. The secret of clear glass was found in Europe only in the 13th century. At the same time, craftsmen learned to produce lenses to look at small objects or to be used by people who had problems with their eyes. This is how the first glasses appeared. Glass dishes and mirrors became popular later with the rise of technology. In Russia, the first glass factory was built in Moscow region in 1654.

Показать ответ
35

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

Показать ответ

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of the language school Communication without Borders. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out how students feel about learning English. Please answer the six questions. The survey is anonymous — you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: How long have you been learning English?

Student:_______________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: How many English lessons do you have a week?

Student:_______________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What do you do in your English lessons?

Student:_______________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: Why have you chosen English as an exam this year?

Student:_______________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What other foreign language or languages would you like to speak? Why?

Student:_______________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What would you recommend to students who want to improve their English?

Student:_______________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: That is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

36

You are going to give a talk about hobbies. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.

Remember to say:

• why most people have hobbies;

• what hobbies are the most popular with your friends;

• in what way a hobby can be useful for educational purposes.

You have to talk continuously.

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