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Вариант 27

Раздел 1. Аудирование

1
1

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. In a shop

2. In an exhibition

3. In a cafe

4. In a post office

5. At a birthday party

2
2

Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. The speaker talks about the advantages of the country lifestyle.

2. The speaker talks about his/her plans for the weekend.

3. The speaker describes the town he/she lives in.

4. The speaker describes an old photo of his/her city.

5. The speaker explains why he/she wants to move to a big city.

6. The speaker explains how to get to his/her house.

В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

3
3

What season is it?

1) Winter.

2) Summer.

3) Autumn.

4
4

Who are Nick and Lisa?

1) Brother and sister.

2) Husband and wife.

3) Old friends.

5
5

What does Nick do for a living?

1) Nick is an engineer.

2) Nick is a driver.

3) Nick is a doctor.

6
6

What hobby do Nick and Lisa share?

1) Travelling.

2) Cooking.

3) Driving cars.

7
7

What foreign language do both Nick and Lisa speak?

1) Chinese.

2) Hindi.

3) French.

8
8

What are Nick and Lisa’s plans for the coming weekend?

1) They are going to go skiing.

2) They are going to go boating.

3) They are going to go shopping.

 

Раздел 2. Чтение

9
9
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Just to keep the students healthy

2. The official languages

3. Available only in winter

4. Wiped from our memory

5.The nominal head of the country

6. Summer alternative to hockey

7. A linguistic mistake

8. The real prototype of a fairytale character

A. The history of invention in Canada has followed a long and noble path. Canadian inventors have patented more than one million inventions, which are used by people around the world. They thought up the electric light bulb, the electric stove, the electric wheelchair, standard time, the modern zipper and the first snowmobile. Yet few people can remember more than one or two Canadian inventors.

B. The country has two national sports: lacrosse as the country’s national summer sport, and ice hockey as the national winter sport. While Ice Hockey is Canada’s most widespread sport. Lacrosse is the country’s official sport. Lacrosse is played with 20 players on a grass field, 10 players on each side. The players use long-handled lacrosse sticks with a loose net on the head to catch, carry and pass the small rubber ball. Lacrosse is greatly enjoyed by Canadians and has gained popularity in other countries, too.

C. Basketball is unusual in that it was created by one person. In early December 1891, Dr. James Naismith, a Canadian physical education professor at McGill University, proposed a dynamic indoor game to keep his students at a proper level of fitness during the long New England winters. He wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 3.05 m elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket did not have a hole in the bottom. Nowadays basketball is played all over the world.

D. In the beginning of the 20th century, a black bear cub from Canada named Winnipeg was given to London Zoo. Soon the bear became one of the most popular attractions at the zoo. Winnie, as she was called in London, became a favourite of Christopher Robin Milne and inspired his father, A. A. Milne, to write a book about a bear, named Winnie the Pooh, and his friend, Christopher Robin.

E. Every year, Quebec City has an Ice Hotel. The hotel melts in the summer, but is rebuilt every winter. The name Ice Hotel isn’t an exaggeration. Everything inside the hotel is made of ice. The hotel’s cafe has tables and chairs made of ice, and even glasses made of ice. The rooms are like little snow caves, windowless, with curtains instead of a door. Before spending a night in the Ice Hotel, guests must sit through a special seminar on how to not get frostbite while they sleep.

F. When Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, came to the New World in the 16th century, he met with local natives. They invited him and his companions to their kanata (the word for village or settlement in their language). Cartier misunderstood, and believed the natives were referring to the entire country as Kanata. So, he named the new country as Kanata. Nowadays we call it Canada.

G. Canada is formally a constitutional monarchy, with the British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, as the supreme governor of the state. Canada passed back and forth between French and British monarchs over the centuries before becoming an independent nation. The queen no longer rules Canada, but she still plays a significant role in the government and in Canada’s national identity, and appears prominently on Canadian currency.

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

Yeoman Warders

The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London. The guards at the Tower of London are called Yeoman Warders. In principle, they are responsible for looking after any prisoners in the Tower and safeguarding the British Crown jewels. However, in practice they act as tour guides and answer tourists’ numerous questions. They are also a tourist attraction themselves. There are currently 37 Yeoman Warders at the Tower.

Yeoman Warders have been in service at the Tower of London since 1485, when the corps were formed by King Henry VII, but actually their origins date back even further. In order to serve as a Yeoman Warder nowadays, an applicant must have 22 years of service in the British armed forces, along with awards for distinction and good conduct. The applicant should also be between 40 and 55 years old on appointment. A potential Yeoman Warder should have a good memory to be able to remember the numerous facts from the history of the Tower.

Although the correct term is Yeoman Warder, most people know the members of the famous guard by their nickname — Beefeater. The origin of the nickname Beefeater is not clear. Some historians believe that the original Warders got some meat as part of their payment. Others suggest that they had the privilege of eating beef from the Royal Kitchen.

However, nowadays the only creatures at the Tower with a steady diet of beef are the ravens, who serve as a symbol of the British monarchy. According to legend, if the ravens leave the Tower, the monarchy will fall. That’s why one Yeoman Warder, the Ravenmaster, is responsible for the ravens.

The Ravenmaster takes good care of the birds. The ravens are fed nuts, berries, fruit, meat, and blood-soaked biscuits. In the evening, the Ravenmaster whistles a special tone to call the ravens to bed — they are put into spacious cages to protect them from foxes. Every three weeks he trims the feathers on their right wings to prevent them from flying away.

Traditionally, Yeoman Warders had only been men. The first female Yeoman Warder (Beefeater) started her work at the Tower of London in 2007 — breaking over 500 years of male-only Beefeater history. Moira Cameron of Argyll, Scotland passed all the tests and is now the only woman Yeoman Warder. Other women have applied for the job, but Moira is the only successful lady so far!

The job of Yeoman Warder has its bonuses, of course. Yeomen Warders have the unique privilege of being able to live in the Tower! A portion of their salaries is given over as rent and many of the apartments in the Tower date from the 13th century. Although an interesting place to live, the wife of one Beefeater says it’s impossible to order a pizza there. Nobody ever believes that people could live in the Tower!

10
10

Yeoman Warders are not allowed to talk to tourists.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

11
11

The Ravenmaster buys the meat for the ravens himself.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

12
12

There are different opinions about the origin of the word Beefeater.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

13
13

The Ravenmaster buys the meat for the ravens himself.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

14
14

The ravens of the Tower eat nothing but meat.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

15
15

There are six black ravens at the Tower.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

16
16

Moira Cameron is the only woman who has ever applied for the job of Beefeater.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

17
17

Yeoman Warders have the right to live in the Tower of London.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

 

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.

18
18

HAVEIt was unexpected news. The family gathered over their evening meal to discuss it. “John was a nice boy,” the father said, “He was a bit wild sometimes, but he________________a good heart.

19
19

EIGHTEENHe left for America right before his __________ birthday.

20
20

NOT/SEEAnd I________________him since then.” Katie knew that John was her father’s older brother. According to a family legend, he had dug for gold in Alaska, had made a fortune but soon lost all his money, and became a sailor.

21
21

WANTKatie was about to say that she_____________________________to meet her Uncle John very much. But she looked at her parents and said nothing.

22
22

THINKEveryone _________ that John had died somewhere at sea.

23
23

SIGNBut here was a telegram and it read: “Dear brother I'm coming this weekend.” The telegram________________“John.”

24
24

HE“Do you think you will be able to recognise_______________?” — the mother broke the silence.

25
25

CHECK“More than forty years have passed. He could have changed out of recognition. Now anyone can pretend that he is your brother. If I were you, I________________his story somehow.”

26
26

EASYThe father nodded. “It’s _______________ than you think. There is something about this house that only my real brother and I know. ”

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.

27
27

EASYThe roller skates I got for my birthday were a great present. I could hardly wait till the next morning to try them. In fact, I had never been roller-skating before but I had seen how________________people in the park did it and was sure I would manage too.

28
28

PLAYAfter all, I’m sporty and a good football ___________ .

29
29

DANGERI didn’t even think that it might be __________________ .

30
30

DECIDEI went to the park alone and it was a bad ________________ to make.

31
31

NATURALLYI fell and hurt my leg badly. My leg looked __________________ blue.

32
32

PAINIt was very_______________and I could not walk. Some people called for an ambulance. Luckily, the bone was not broken, but I had to spend some time in hospital.

 

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Emma.

... I have lots of school friends and I enjoy learning but I hate the days when we have tests. I always get very nervous before tests and exams. And it doesn’t matter whether I am well-prepared for them or not ...

... What do you do to calm down before tests and exams? Why have you chosen English for your exam? How do you prepare for your tests and exams in English? ...

Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.

Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

Раздел 5. Говорение

34

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

Within the next hundred years or so, people will have to get energy from alternative sources. Alternative sources are also needed to put a stop to pollution. There are different alternative sources that are already successfully used in many countries. One example is the Dead Sea, which produces electricity. When the sun heats the surface of the lake, the hotter and heavier layers of salty water sink. At the same time, the colder and lighter layers rise. The hot water can be stored at the bottom of the lake or piped away. It can be used to heat many buildings or to generate electricity. It costs only a third as much as oil heating.

Показать ответ
35

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

Показать ответ

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of the magazine Environmental Care. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out how students feel about their hometown. Please answer the six questions. The survey is anonymous — you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: Do you live in the country or in the city?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What is typical winter weather in your hometown?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What place in your hometown do you like most of all?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What environmental problems do people have in your hometown?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: Would you like to stay in your home town when you finish school? Why, or why not?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What would you do for your hometown if you were very rich?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: That is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

36

You are going to give a talk about your school. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.

Remember to say:

• what interesting facts about your school you know;

• what sports facilities your school offers to the students;

• which school day is the most difficult for you and why.

You have to talk continuously.

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