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Вариант 28

Раздел 1. Аудирование

1
1

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. In a classroom

2. In a hotel

3. At a bus stop

4. At home

5. In a supermarket

2
2

Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. The speaker explains what made him/her change their plans.

2. The speaker describes the performance he/she took part in.

3. The speaker shares his/her dreams about a brilliant career.

4. The speaker talks about his/her lifetime hobby.

5. The speaker complains about his/her friends’ attitude.

6. The speaker is wondering how to arrange a special event.

В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

3
3

What is Kate busy with now?

1) Kate is cooking something.

2) Kate is surfing the Internet.

3) Kate is having her dinner.

4
4

What is Kate’s favourite school subject?

1) Information technologies.

2) Mathematics.

3) Physicaheducation.

5
5

What sport does Harry do?

1) Harry plays football.

2) Harry skates.

3) Harry swims.

6
6

Where is Kate going on Saturday?

1) To her friend’s party

2) To the city stadium.

3) To the music school.

7
7

What foreign language does Harry speak?

1) Italian.

2) German.

3) Spanish.

8
8

Why do Kate and Harry know each other? Kate and Harry

1) do sport together.

2) are classmates.

3) go to a language class together.

 

Раздел 2. Чтение

9
9
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. A big problem for a small country

2. At a cultural crossroads

3. Architectural landmark

4. Attractive to learners of English

5. The influence of Britain

6. Unpredictable weather

7. Blended cuisine

8. Making movies

A. Malta is one of only a few truly bilingual countries. English language newspapers, books and magazines are sold everywhere, many TV and radio channels broadcast in English, movies are in English, and much of the islands’ cultural programme is in English too. This, together with an excellent climate and the option to combine learning and holidays, makes Malta a popular place for studying English.

B. To learn the history of a country, visit its libraries! But if you want to truly understand its people — try their food! Lots of Maltese dishes are the result of the long relationship between the inhabitants of the Malta’s and the many conquerors who occupied the Maltese Islands over the centuries. The island’s food is an interesting combination of Italian, African and English ingredients.

C. The British ruled Malta for 150 years and independence came only in 1964. Naturally, the Maltese adopted the British system of administration, education and legislation. Signs of British lifestyle are everywhere: there are English-style pubs, telephone booths and post boxes. There is even a British-style Labour Party office on Republic Street — visitors are welcome! The British feel at home in Malta, as cars drive on the left.

D. In recent years, Malta has become one of Europe’s most popular film and television locations. The Maltese Islands, their beautiful, unspoiled coastlines and breathtaking architecture have been home to several blockbusters such as Gladiator, The Count of Monte Cristo, Troy and Munich as well as prestigious dramas and sitcoms such as the BBC’s Byron and ITV’s Coronation Street, and more recently the TV series Game of Thrones.

E. Malta is not one island, as most people think, but five. English, which is the official language, is spoken by almost all Maltese people. Another official language is Maltese, a dialect of Arabic, which is written in the Latin alphabet. Today, Malta fully understands the importance of its position between Europe and the Middle East. Besides speaking European languages such as English and Italian, many Maltese also speak Arabic.

F. Malta has no rivers or lakes. Many rely on rain, which does not come every summer, and causes floods in winter. If you’re in Malta during the summer months, there’s no need for an umbrella. But come in October and the islands are flooded with rain. Shortage of water has stimulated the building of special factories that remove salt from the sea water. Nowadays they provide more than half of the country’s freshwater needs. Officially, the tap water is safe to drink in Malta, but it tastes awful.

G. The Maltese capital, Valletta, is often called a city built by gentlemen for gentlemen. It was created by the Knights of Malta and is perhaps Malta’s greatest treasure. Impressive fortifications surround the city to this day. Valletta is famous for its narrow streets, churches, palaces, museums and baroque buildings. According to UNESCO, this magnificent city is one of the most concentrated historical areas in the world.

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

A rainmaker

Scientists are very skeptical about man’s ability to initiate weather like, rain or snow. Nevertheless, in 1902, an American, Charles Hatfield, first claimed he had invented a new chemical method to generate rain. He applied his method on a commercial basis for the next twenty years and got a reputation as a rainmaker.

Hatfield lived in Kansas and worked for a company that sold sewing machines. He considered his work boring and felt fed up with it. He dreamt of fame. Chemistry had always been Hatfield’s great interest. For several years he was working on a formula that could initiate rain.

After 1904, when he moved to California, his life changed dramatically. The advertisements he placed in the Los Angeles newspapers promised perfect rain for only fifty dollars. Because of the extremely dry season several farmers decided to try their chance. Hatfield and his brother built a tower on the top of a mountain and dispersed some chemicals into the air. Incredibly enough, soon it started to rain. Both the farmers and the ‘wizard’ were happy.

The news about Hatfield’s success spread around the country. The number of orders was growing fast. He travelled a lot, initiating rain in different regions but he was careful to keep his magic formula a secret. Inspired by these results, he promised Los Angeles Council forty-six centimeters of rainfall. It seemed unbelievable because so much rainfall was not typical for the city. Surprisingly, the next morning, after Hatfield’s chemical experiments, rain was pouring down.

Some meteorologists did not regard Hatfield’s success as genuine. They were sure it was a coincidence1 and that most rain was the result of cyclones. On the other hand, there were scientists who took it quite seriously and wanted to watch the phenomenon in reality. It also needs to be mentioned that Hatfield was not always lucky. For example, in 1906 he was asked to initiate rain in the gold fields of the Klondike. No matter how hard he tried, the sky stayed cloudless.

Fame and the need for money drove Charles Hatfield to further risky experiments. He bet he could fill in the container of the water lock near San Diego with rain water. If he succeeded, he was promised ten thousand dollars. Together with his brother, Hatfield built a six-meter tower and dispersed the chemicals into the air. Some days later it began to rain heavily.

The rain did not stop for two weeks. The water lock container was full to the top as well as two nearby locks. The coming water overfilled the rivers, destroyed some bridges, roads and phone cables. Many houses and farms went under water because of the rainfall. Local officials blamed Hatfield for the loss and refused to pay him the money.

Hatfield was called to court to compensate for the three-billion-dollar loss. Luckily, he escaped punishment because he had no written agreement with officials to start the experiment. Besides, the judge was sure that a man could not influence the weather.

However, Charles Hatfield sincerely believed that his formula worked and continued his rain initiating practice. He died in 1958 but never gave away his secret.

10
10

Hatfield’s work for the company had nothing to do with chemistry.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

11
11

Hatfield had to show his secret formula to the Los Angeles authorities.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

12
12

Californian farmers paid Hatfield more than the agreed sum.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

13
13

Hatfield had to show his secret formula to the Los Angeles authorities.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

14
14

Hatfield never failed in his rain initiating business.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

15
15

Hatfield always worked with his brother.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

16
16

The heavy rain in San Diego caused great damage to the area.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

17
17

Hatfield got ten thousand dollars for his work in San Diego.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

 

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.

18
18

LATEIt was Friday night. Kevin came home ___________ than usual.

19
19

HEHe looked tired but he was very pleased with _____________ .

20
20

COMPLETE“We________________the whole job,” announced Kevin as soon as he entered the apartment. “And we managed to complete this project well before the deadline, which means...”

21
21

PAINTAngela, Kevin’s wife, ________________something at her easel. She was a doctor, a cardiologist, and her work in the hospital took a lot of energy.

22
22

HOBBYPainting was one of her favourite ___________ which helped her relax.

23
23

STOPAngela________________painting and looked up at Kevin. “What does it mean?” she asked, “You sound like it means a promotion and salary rise.”

24
24

GO“Better. It’s even better than that. It means a week-off, starting from Monday! And if you manage to take a few days off in the hospital, we ________________travelling!”

25
25

NOT/SAYAngela________________anything but smiled happily and gave Kevin a hug. Her own vacation was to start the next Monday too.

26
26

PREPAREThe lucky coincidence allowed them to take a trip together and Angela loved travelling! More than that, she________________a list of the most desirable destinations. It was all written on her tablet and it was time to start making those dreams come true!

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.

27
27

DANGERThere are lots of stories about animals who save people’s lives. Dogs, cats, horses and even rabbits sometimes help people in very _____________ situations.

28
28

OWNMary Pitt, for example, the _____________ of a cat, Toffy, survived the fire due to her pet.

29
29

BUILDNobody knows what caused the fire in the _______________. Mary was fast asleep when the smoke filled in her room. She ignored the sound of the smoke alarm and kept on sleeping. Amazingly, instead of escaping the house, the cat, Toffy, stayed in the room trying to wake up Mary.

30
30

IMMEDIATEThe cat bit her hand until she woke up. When the woman realised what was going on, she _______________ called the emergency services. The firemen stopped the fire.

31
31

FAMENow Toffy enjoys the title of the most _____________ cat in Mary’s town.

32
32

FAIRSome people say that cats are less devoted to people than dogs. For obvious reasons, Mary considers this statement_______________.

 

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Katherine.

... We have moved house and I had to change school. Though I miss my former school friends I like my new school too. It's a large modern building with sports facilities. That’s very important for me because I am fond of sports ...

.... What sports facilities does your school have? What sports events can the students take part in during the school year? Would you like to do any sport professionally or not, and why? ...

Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.

Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

Раздел 5. Говорение

34

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

The first linguistic theories appeared around the 5th century B.C. in India, Greece, Rome, and China. In order to understand texts better, the first linguists studied different aspects of the language, philosophy, and culture. Most early studies in India were based on ancient songs. For the first time, ancient linguists distinguished words as nouns and verbs. This is how parts of speech appeared. Grammar and phonetics were later developed in Greece and Rome. Chinese linguists wrote the first dictionaries of synonyms. The first dictionary of the English language appeared much later, in 1755. It had 40,000 words.

Показать ответ
35

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

Показать ответ

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of the radio programme School Life. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out how teenagers feel about their school. Please answer the six questions. The survey is anonymous — you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: What transport do you use to get to your school?

Student:___________________________ (Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What does your school building look like?

Student:____________________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What sports facilities does your school offer to the students?

Student:____________________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What foreign languages can the students learn at your school?

Student:____________________ (Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What clothes do you have to wear to school?

Student:____________________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What would you change in your school if you were the principal?

Student:____________________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: That is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

36

You are going to give a talk about your daily routine. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.

Remember to say:

• what your weekday mornings are like;

• how many lessons you usually have;

• whether your weekday afternoons are busy, and why.

You have to talk continuously.

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