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Вариант 4

Раздел 1. Аудирование

1
1

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. In a restaurant

2. On the metro

3. In a shoe store

4. In a food store

5. On a train

2
2

Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. The speaker can appreciate actors’ professional skills in this kind of movies.

2. The speaker usually chooses movies that are educational.

3. The speaker thinks cinema actors used to be more professional.

4. The speaker thinks this kind of movie has a positive effect on her/his relative.

5. The speaker thinks the positive side of this kind of movie isn’t always obvious.

6. The speaker thinks the story may not be very strong in this kind of movie.

Вы услышите телефонный разговор отца и дочери. В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

3
3

The girl's feelings about her roommate from South Korea are:

1. positive.

2. negative.

3. mixed.

4
4

At college the two girls plan to

1. study foreign languages.

2. take music classes.

3. sing for pleasure in the college chorus.

5
5

What does the girl say about her classes?

1. They are too easy.

2. They are too difficult.

3. They are manageable.

6
6

What’s the bad news?

1. She ran out of money.

2. She is homesick.

3. She lacks friends.

7
7

What was wrong with her room?

1. There wasn’t enough furniture.

2. It looked dull and unattractive.

3. It was not functional.

8
8

Her father was disappointed because she spent too much money on

1. books.

2. a bicycle.

3. entertainment.

 

Раздел 2. Чтение

9
9
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Art and life

2. In a railway museum

3. Airplane alternative

4. Long and special

5. Goods delivery

6. User and nature friendly

7. From steam to electricity

8. Not any more

A. The invention of the steam locomotive made a breakthrough in the development of the railway system in the 19th century. Today the technology seems ordinary, but two hundred years ago it was revolutionary. Steam locomotives were fueled by burning coal, wood or oil, to produce steam in a boiler, which drove the engine. Of course, large amounts of water were also needed. In the 20th century, steam engines were gradually replaced with trains fueled by diesel or electricity.

B. Some long-distance passenger trains have become famous. For example, the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia is the longest railway in the world, covering 9,259 kilometers and 10 time zones. In the United States, the California Zephyr travels between Chicago and San Francisco, and during the 3-day trip, passengers can enjoy amazing views of the Rocky Mountains. The Orient Express between Venice and Istanbul offers old-fashioned service that is luxurious, romantic, and expensive.

C. Of course, not all trains carry passengers. Many trains are freight trains, transporting goods from one location to another. The busiest freight system in the world is in China. Freight trains are usually much longer than passenger trains. The longest freight train recorded was in Australia with over 682 cars. Freight trains can carry anything — coal, cars, clothing — anything that people need. Refrigeration, which keeps food cold and fresh, revolutionized freight transportation.

D. In many countries, overnight trains are a good option to air travel. For example, you might leave one city at 11:00 at night, and arrive at your destination at 7:00 the next morning. Typically, you share a cabin with three other people, who you might be travelling with, or who you might not know at all. Your seats become your beds and the price of your ticket includes your bedding. If you want, you can order tea and a snack from the cabin attendant.

E. Authors have been using trains in literature for as long as trains have been running. Indeed, it’s hard to imagine some stories without a train in them. Even people who have never read Anna Karenina know how the famous novel’s heroine dies at the end. Many American children learn the important lessons of optimism and hard-work reading the classic story The Little Engine that Could. And of course almost everyone on the planet knows about Hogwarts Express in the Harry Potter books.

F. Many countries around the world are investing in high-speed trains. Today’s high-speed railways are amazing. They can go twice as fast as regular trains, and they are designed for passenger comfort with spacious chairs, internet access, and multi-media entertainment. High speed rail makes it possible to move many more people much faster over longer distances. High speed rail also can help the environment because it is more energy efficient and reduces cars on the roads.

G. In the 19th century, railroad travel became the fastest way to travel long distances overland. It was a great improvement over travelling by horse and wagon, which could take weeks longer than the train. But early trains weren’t comfortable. Seats were hard and the soot from the coal engine made the air very dirty. In addition, the cars were cold in winter and hot in summer because there was no heat or air conditioning. But fortunately, since those early years, train travel has become much more pleasant.

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

The United Nations sponsors many wonderful programs to help people all over the world, and one of the most famous — and oldest — is UNICEF. The acronym UNICEF is short for the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund. The program was founded in 1946 to provide emergency food and healthcare for millions of children in the countries that had been ruined by World War II. Today UNICEF helps children in developing countries with programs that support human rights, food, healthcare, and education. UNICEF programs emphasize the importance of developing strong communities. In recognition of its work, UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965.

UNICEF operates with a budget of over $2.7 billion. The funds are provided by governments of the member nations of the U.N. and also by private groups and individuals. In the United States and Canada, UNICEF is especially well known for its “Trick-or-Treat” program, which began in 1950. Every Halloween, in October, children dress up in magical, fantastic and scary outfits and go door to door in their neighborhoods, asking for candy. Many children also carry with them bright orange “Trick-or-Treat” boxes, and they receive money as well as candy. They get to eat the candy, of course, but the money is given to UNICEF. Over $200 million has been raised in this way — all by children dressed up as witches and ogres and fairy princesses.

UNICEF has offices and centers in over 190 countries, with thousands of staff, interns and volunteers. UNICEF also relies on famous people to help raise awareness for its projects. One of the most famous and popular was the actress Audrey Hepburn. Hepburn had herself been the child of war, having survived World War II in the Netherlands. She credited the United Nations with saving her from starvation at the end of the war. Hepburn believed her work with UNICEF was more important and more meaningful than her career as an actress.

10
10

UNICEF was one of the first funds sponsored by the United Nations.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

11
11

The main part of the UNICEF budget comes from the governments.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

12
12

The efforts of UNICEF as a peacemaker were highly estimated.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

13
13

The main part of the UNICEF budget comes from the governments.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

14
14

UNICEF uses “Trick-or-Treat” program only in the US and Canada.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

15
15

Over $200 million come from children’s pocket money to the UNICEF budget.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

16
16

World famous celebtrities help to promote UNICEF projects.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

17
17

Audrey Hepburn didn’t care much for her career as an actress.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

 

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.

18
18

NOT HAVEOur family was quite small, just my Mom, Dad and me. I _____ any brothers or sisters. When I was ten years old, my parents finally decided I could have a dog.

19
19

DREAM I _____ of having a dog for years, but my parents used to say

20
20

NOT BE “No, you ______ responsible enough to take care of a dog yet.”

21
21

I Finally they decided I was ready! So one day, my mother drove ______ to the pound.

22
22

TAKE That was a special place out of town where lost dogs ______ .

23
23

JUMPThere were dozens of dogs there. They were different in size and color and all of them ______ and barking in their cages.

24
24

THEY But one of _____ was sitting in a corner, nervously ______ around.

25
25

KNOW Our eyes met! And I _____ that was the dog for me!

26
26

NOT FORGET I ______ that day, the day when I got my first dog ever.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.

27
27

FOGIt happened in 1707. On a _____ October night four English navy ships hit rocks in the Atlantic Ocean and sank.

28
28

TRAGEDY The ships had been sailing in the thick fog for twelve days when the _____ accident occurred.

29
29

NAVIGATE The compass went out of order and the commanders and their ______ were lost in the ocean.

30
30

LOCATEThey had no way of knowing their ______ .

31
31

FRANCEThey thought they were near the ______ coast.

32
32

KNOW They were wrong, and their lack of ______ cost thousands of lives.

 

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Susan.

...Yesterday I cooked pizza myself! Yummy! What do you think of pizza and fast food in general? What do you usually have for lunch? What can you cook yourself, if you need to?

Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.

Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

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