Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
1. At the teacher’s office
2. At the library
3. In a bookstore
4. At the theatre
5. In a concert hall
Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.
1. It ’s an unusual but enjoyable camp experience.
2. It’s an exciting summer experience for a city child.
3. I spend summer working in my family’s business.
4. I had an exciting experience in country studies.
5. It was a summer vacation without any new experiences.
6. I had an enjoyable fresh-air family vacation.
The topic of this programme is
1. having a healthy life style.
2. following a healthy diet.
3. treating diet related diseases.
According to the interviewer, he
1. sticks to a healthy diet.
2. is ready to switch to a healthy diet.
3. is not ready to do without junk food.
Which is NOT a healthy diet tip given by Dr. Jones?
1. Substitute olive oil for butter.
2. Reduce the amount of food you eat.
3. Start with counting calories.
For eating out Dr. Jones suggests that customers should
1. share one dish between them.
2. take home some of their meal to eat later.
3. avoid all kinds of starters.
The Dr. Jones’s general recommendation is
1. eat more often, but smaller portions.
2. have no more than three regular meals.
3. eat only food that your body wants at the moment.
Dr. Jones believes that having a meal with others is beneficial because
1. your friends will help you to stick to your diet.
2. people who eat alone normally eat more.
3. conversation at the table helps you to digest food better.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Modern mission
2. Noted more than once
3. History of the symbols
4. No way to help
5. A noble idea
6. All sorts of help
7. United strength
8. Sources of financial support
A. Logically enough, the emblem of the Red Cross is a red cross on a white background. This image was first used in 1863, and it is basically a reversal of the Swiss flag, which is a white cross on a red background. Beginning in the 1870s, the Ottoman Empire started using the Red Crescent as the name and emblem for its branch of the Red Cross, reflecting its Islamic beliefs. Today, the Red Crescent is recognized by 33 Islamic nations.
B. All monies used by the International Committee of the Red Cross are received as donations from governments, public institutions, and private individuals. The organization’s annual budget exceeds 1 billion Swiss Francs. The majority of funding comes from Switzerland and the United States, with significant contributions also coming from European countries and the EU. Private donations are often received at times of local, national and international emergencies, such as the tsunami disaster in southeastern Asia in 2004.
C. Today the Red Cross has approximately 97 million volunteers, members and staff, working worldwide. The many organizations associated with the Red Cross are legally independent of each other, but they often work together to provide help to people in time of military conflict and natural disaster.
D. The idea for the International Committee of the Red Cross came to Swiss businessman Henry Dunant in 1859. He was travelling in Italy on business, when he witnessed a terrible military battle in which thousands of men died and were wounded. When he realized that the wounded men were not receiving medical care, he organized the local residents to help men on both sides of the conflict. Three years later the Red Cross was officially founded.
E. The International Committee of the Red Cross, which is based in Geneva, Switzerland, has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize three times, in 1917, 1944 and 1963. The first two prizes were awarded for the organization’s work during the first and second world wars. The third prize was awarded on the occasion of the Red Cross’s 100th anniversary.
F. Many people around the world know the Red Cross primarily because of the help it gives people locally. For example, the Red Cross sponsors local blood drives, where people donate their blood. This blood can then be used to save the lives of people with medical emergencies. Local Red Cross offices also collect food and clothing and household goods to give to people who are forced to leave their homes after natural disasters.
G. During both World War I and World War II, the International Red Cross worked tirelessly to monitor prisoner-of-war camps, to help civilians caught in the conflicts, and to maintain lists of refugees and missing persons. Tragically, the Red Cross failed to reach an agreement with Nazi Germany regarding its concentration camps and therefore was unable to help the millions of people who died during the war.
Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
Do you know what time it is right now? How do you know? Did you take a look at a wall clock? Glance at your wrist watch? Sneak a peek at your mobile phone? Today we take time-keeping for granted, but of course the very concept of time-keeping is a human invention, with its origins dating back thousands of years.
The first mechanism was probably the sun-dial. This method, which used the moving shadow of the sun to tell time, was widely used in ancient times. A well-constructed sundial is quite accurate, but of course it only works during the day, and only on sunny days. Hourglasses were an invention that made it possible to mark the passage of time at night, in-doors, and in the dark.
All the great ancient civilizations — Greek and Roman, Chinese, Byzantine, Islam — developed water clocks, which were very accurate. These devices were commonly used until the invention of the pendulum clock in the 17th century.
The earliest mechanical clocks didn’t have a visual indicator; they simply announced the time with striking bells. Later the 12-hour circular dial or clock face became standard. A 10-hour dial was briefly popular during the French Revolution when the metric system was applied to time keeping. And the 24 hour dial is commonly used by military organizations and transportation systems.
Today digital displays are used everywhere — on wrist watches, wall clocks, computer screens, etc. This numerical representation of time can be based on the 12-hour system (1:00 am, 1:00 pm) or the 24-hour system (01:00 or 13:00).Like reading, telling time is something all young children have to be taught. Experts suggest that you begin this when a child is about five years old. Even though digital clocks are everywhere, it’s important to begin with traditional dial clocks, with second hands, to help the child literally see the passage of time. Giving a child his or her own wrist watch — just a cheap child’s version — can be very helpful. Teaching a child to tell time can be quite challenging, but it’s a life skill that every one of us needs.
New ways of time keeping are being developed today.
3. NOT STATED
There were no reliable ways of timekeeping in ancient times.
3. NOT STATED
Hourglasses were developed at the same time as sun-dial.
3. NOT STATED
Water clocks preceded pendulum clock.
3. NOT STATED
The first mechanical clocks had no face, no numbers, no hands.
3. NOT STATED
There are 10, 12, and 24-hour standard clock face today.
3. NOT STATED
Digital displays are more popular today than traditional circular hour dial.
3. NOT STATED
It’s better to use clocks with hand while teaching young children to tell time.
3. NOT STATED
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.
HEATGlass is a substance made of a combination of sand, limestone, and soda, which _______ to 1500 degrees Celsius.
TURN As the mixture cools, it becomes very thick and eventually ______ to a solid substance.
HISTORY______ believe that ancient Egyptians were the the first to invent glass.
FIND Recently archeologists ______ 5,000-year-old glass beads
BLOWIn about 100 B.C., Syrian craftsmen learned how to make hollow pots or vases______ by air into molten glass through a long, narrow iron tube.
THEYThe Romans used this technique to create beautiful artwork. They also found a way to make glass for windows in _______ houses.
USEToday glass ______for things such as windows, light bulbs, kitchenware, and sophisticated scientific equipment.
THOUSAND______ of products, from wine to cosmetics, are packaged in glass containers.
IMAGINE Modern life cannot _____ without glass.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.
ARGUEOnce there lived a carpenter and a blacksmith. They had a longstanding ______ .
SKILL Each of them insisted that he was more ______ than the other.
CONCLUDEThey argued about this question for a long time without reaching any _______. Each man claimed that his handiwork was much better than the other’s.
FINAL ______ they agreed, “Let's go to the king and ask him to be the judge”.
TRUE When they came to the king, the two begged “We want Your Majesty to be our judge and tell us whose skill is ______ superior”.
WEALTH We don’t know what the king said or did, but when the two returned home, they were both _______ and became best of friends.
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, James.
... Some of my friends don't read books. As for me, there is nothing like a good book! Do you read summaries instead of real books, why or why not? Can you get a good grade in Literature, if you do so? What book are you reading now?...
Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.
Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
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