Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
1. In a street
2. In a bank
3. In an office
4. On TV
5. In a hospital
Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.
1. The speaker got lost in the city.
2. The speaker got lost in the mountains.
3. The speaker got lost in the ocean.
4. The speaker got lost in the countryside.
5. The speaker got lost in the desert.
6. The speaker got lost in the jungle.
The first product on the list to buy is
Buying sugar Ann prefers to buy
1. a small bag
2. the cheapest bag
3. a big bag
The products of the store own brand are
1. very expensive
3. of top quality
1. February 19
2. February 22
3. February 23
Diary products are
1. in aisle 3
2. in aisle 5
3. near the cash register
They are going to choose coffee
1. that is of special price
2. that is Ann's favourite
3. that is Olga's favourite
Раздел 2. Чтение
3. Origin of the term
7. Necessary activities
A. The English word 'cat' (Old English catt) is introduced to many languages of Europe from Latin cattus and Byzantine Greek катта, including Portuguese and Spanish gato, French chat, German Katze, Lithuanian kate and Old Church Slavonic kotka, among others. The ultimate source of the word is Af- roasiatic, presumably from Late Egyptian caute, the feminine of caus "wildcat". The word was introduced, together with the domestic animal itself, to the Roman Republic by the first century BC.
B. The domesticated cat and its closest wild ancestor are both organisms that possess 38 chromosomes and roughly 20,000 genes. About 250 heritable genetic disorders have been identified in cats, many similar to human inborn errors. The high level of similarity allows many of these diseases to be diagnosed using genetic tests that were originally developed for use in humans.
C. Cats as well as humans can experience some illnesses. Cats can suffer from a wide range of health problems, including infectious diseases, parasites, injuries, and chronic disease. Vaccinations are available for many of these diseases, and domestic cats are regularly given treatments to eliminate parasites such as worms and fleas.
D. In addition to obvious dangers, cats may be poisoned by many chemicals usually considered safe by their human guardians, because their livers are less effective at some forms of detoxification than those of many other animals, including humans and dogs. Cats may be particularly sensitive to environmental pollutants. When a cat has a sudden or prolonged serious illness without any obvious cause, it has possibly been exposed to a toxin.
E. Domestic cats use many vocalizations for communication, including purring, trilling, hissing, growling or snarling, grunting, and several different forms of meowing. By contrast, feral cats are generally silent. Their types of body language, including position of ears and tail, relaxation of whole body, and kneading of paws, are all indicators of mood. The tail and ears are particularly important social signal mechanisms.
F. Among domestic cats, males are more likely to fight than females. Among feral cats, the most common reason for cat fighting is competition between two males. In such cases, most fights are won by the heavier male. Another common reason for fighting in domestic cats is the difficulty of establishing territories within a small home. Female cats also fight over territory or to defend their kittens.
G. Domestic cats, especially young kittens, are known for their love of play. This behavior mimics hunting and is important in helping kittens learn to stalk, capture, and kill prey. Cats also engage in play fighting, with each other and with humans. This behavior may be a way for cats to practice the skills needed for real combat, and might also reduce any fear they associate with launching attacks on other animals.
Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
Snowboarding is a recreational activity that involves descending a slope that is covered with snow while standing on a snowboard attached to a rider's feet. The snowboard is attached using a special boot set into a mounted binding. The development of snowboarding was inspired by skateboarding, sledding, surfing and skiing. It was developed in the United States in the 1960s by Gordon Kosteroski and became a Winter Olympic Sport in 1998. Its popularity peaked in 2007 and has been in a decline since.
The first evidence of snowboarding dates back as early as the 1910s, when people would tie wooden planks from logs to their feet using fishing string and horse reins in order to steer themselves down hills. Modern snowboarding began in 1965 when Sherman Poppen, an engineer in Muskegon, Michigan, invented a toy for his daughters by fastening two skis together and attaching a rope to one end so they would have some control as she stood on the board and glided downhill. "Snurfer" — the combination of snow and surfer — became so popular among his daughters’ friends that Poppen licensed the idea to a manufacturer, Brunswick Corporation, that sold about a million snurfers over the next decade. And, in 1966 alone over half a million snurfers were sold.
In the early 1970s, Poppen organized snurfmg competitions at a Michigan ski resort that attracted enthusiasts from all over the country. One of those early pioneers was Tom Sims, a devotee of skateboarding. As an eighth grader in Haddonfield, New Jersey, in the 1960s, Sims crafted a snowboard in his school shop class by gluing carpet to the top of a piece of wood and attaching aluminum sheeting to the bottom. He produced commercial snowboards in the mid 70s.
During this same time, Dimitrije Milovich — an American surfing enthusiast who had also enjoyed sliding down snowy hills on cafeteria trays during his college years in upstate New York — constructed a snowboard called "Winterstick," inspired by the design and feel of a surfboard. Also during this same period, in 1977, Jake Burton Carpenter, a Vermont native who had enjoyed snurfmg since the age of 14, impressed the crowd at a Michigan snurfmg competition with bindings he had designed to secure his feet to the board. That same year, he founded Burton Snowboards in Londonderry, Vermont. The "snowboards" were made of wooden planks that were flexible and had water ski foot traps. Very few people picked up snowboarding because the price of the board was considered too high at $38, but eventually Burton would become the biggest snowboarding company in the business.
In the spring of 1976 Welsh skateboarders Jon Roberts and Pete Matthews developed a Plywood deck with foot bindings for use on the Dry Ski Slope at the school camp, Ogmore-by-Sea, Wales, UK. Further development of the board was limited as Matthews suffered serious injury while boarding: the 'deck' was much shorter than current snow boards.
The first competitions to offer prize money were the National Snurfmg Championship, held at Muskegon State Park in Muskegon Michigan. In 1979, Jake Burton Carpenter, came from Vermont to compete with a snowboard of his own design. There were protests about Jake entering with a non-snurfer board. Paul Graves, and others, advocated that Jake be allowed to race. That race was considered the first competition for snowboards and is the start of what has now become competitive snowboarding. It was also the first competition to offer prize money. Ken Kampenga, John Asmussen and Jim Trim placed 1st, 2nd and 3rd respectively in the Standard competition with best 2 combined times.
Snowboarding is an amateur kind of sport.
3. NOT STATED
Snowboarding firstly appeared as a form of entertainment for children.
3. NOT STATED
Sherman Poppen’s daughters called a new toy "Snurfer".
3. NOT STATED
Being a student of college Sims created his snowboard.
3. NOT STATED
"Winterstick" was firstly constructed in New Jersey, in the 1960s.
3. NOT STATED
First snowboards were rather costly
3. NOT STATED
Plywood deck was a great success in 1976.
3. NOT STATED
Jake Burton was allowed to take part in competition.
3. NOT STATED
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.
ARRIVEWhen I there ______ was a fire at the entrance of the cave. Bill had some scratches and bruises on his face.
HAVE The boy ______ two big feathers in his red hair. When I came up he pointed his stick at me and said: "Ha! Paleface, this is the camp of Red Chief, the terror of the plains!"
"We _____ Indians," said Bill.
CHIEF"I’m a hunter called Old Hank and I'm Red _______ prisoner. He's going to scalp me at daybreak!"
COOK The boy immediately called me Snake Eye, the Spy, and said: "When the Indians return they ______ you on the fire at daybreak!"
BEGIN Then we had supper, and the kid filled his mouth with bacon and bread and gravy, and ______ to talk.
CAMP He made a speech something like this: I like this very much. I ______ never ______ out before, but I had a pet opossum once, and I was nine last birthday. I hate to go to school. Are there any real Indians in the forest? I want some more gravy. We had five puppies.
MAKE What _______ your nose so red, Hank? My father has lots of money. Are the stars hot?I don't like girls. Why are oranges round? Have you got beds to sleep on in this cave? A parrot can talk, but a monkey or a fish can't...
NOT TAKE And, please, ______ me home, Snake Eye!"
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.
INDIAA film crew was making a film in the desert. One day an old ______ went up to the director and said, "Tomorrow, rain."
HAIL The next day it rained. A week later, the Indian went up to the director and said, "Tomorrow, storm." The next day there was a _____ storm. "This Indian is incredible," said the director.
PREDICTION He told his secretary to hire the Indian to ______
EVERthe weather. ________, after several
SUCCESS________ predictions, the old Indian didn't show up for two weeks.
FINAL _______ the director sent for him. "I have to shoot a big scene tomorrow," said the director, "and I'm depending on you. What will the weather be like?" The Indian shrugged his shoulders. "Don't know," he said. "Radio broke."
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Ban.
...lam very busy now preparing for my exams but yesterday I went to the new shopping centre with my friends. It was great! It offers a great variety of goods and services. You’d probably love it too. ... Do you like shopping? Who do you usually go shopping with ? What present will you choose for your parents ’ anniversary ?..
Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.
Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
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