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Вариант 14

Раздел 1. Аудирование

1
1

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. In the shop

2. In the restaurant

3. In the exhibition

4. At school

5. In the office

2
2

Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. The speaker talks about the first mentions.

2. The speaker talks about one of the explanations.

3. The speaker talks about the space researches.

4. The speaker talks about disappearance without calls for rescue.

5. The speaker talks about unexplainable failure of the equipment.

6. The speaker talks about the event that gave a name to this mysterious place.

Вы услышите разговор. В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

3
3

Dr Manuel Gutierrez mainly works with_____.

1. pets of celebrities

2. exotic animals

3. elderly pets

4
4

Dr Manuel Gutierrez states that the pets of his clients_____.

1. need special care

2. are like other pets

3. lack love

5
5

What is NOT TRUE according to Dr Gutierrez?

1. Pet-keepers live longer.

2. Pet-keepers live happier lives.

3. It’s beneficial to hire dog-walkers.

6
6

According to Dr Gutierrez having a pet is a sort of therapy because pets can_____.

1. understand people

2. compensate for the lack of company

3. help you to keep fit

7
7

Medical statistics prove that living with a pet_____.

1. raises cholesterol levels

2. reduces resistance to illnesses and stress

3. lowers blood pressure

8
8

According to Dr Gutierrez_____.

1. having a pet means responsibility

2. all people should have pets

3. pet-keeping is expensive

 

Раздел 2. Чтение

9
9
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Dear to heart

2. Reliable assistant

3. Profitable business

4. Close friends origin

5. Abiliity to treat

6. Reasons for friendship

7. Useful abilities

8. Rescue workers

A. The partnership between humans and dogs began perhaps 14,000 years ago. Our first interactions may have occurred when wild dogs were attracted to human garbage, or humans may have acquired the puppies of wild dogs and trained them to be obedient pets. By means of the careful selection of dog parents, humans have been able to create a wonderful variety of dogs with plenty of talents and many different looks.

B. When did this remarkable partnership start? We know now that the wolf began working with people in the distant past. Over the years, the wolf became the talented domestic pet we know as the dog. There are plenty of theories, but the real reason why humans acquired dogs is still unknown. It might be a hunting partnership, companionship or a type of friendship. For 14000 years the dog has played an important role in human societies. It’s a partnership that’s likely to continue for many years to come.

C. Dogs are often known as man’s best friend. Many societies have them as pets or rely on them to perform a variety of tasks. The story of man and dog is a complex story that goes back thousands of years and will almost certainly go on for thousands more. Dogs interact with humans in a variety of ways. Dogs such as border collies are trained to herd livestock such as sheep. Huskies pull us through some of the coldest and the most dangerous places on Earth.

D. Dogs were probably first attracted to humans by the smell of our garbage. Nowadays, the governments of many countries have a use for those powerful noses that is beneficial to all who fly in airplanes. There are special trains for dogs to smell bombs on planes and in passengers’ luggage. For example, beagles perform their duties at airports, where their sense of smell helps them to find drugs and other illegal items in people’s luggage.

E. Dogs have a sense of smell 1,000 times more powerful than our own. This means they can search for people who are lost under deep snow, or under the debris of a collapsed building or deep in forest. You can find dogs in rescue services of many countries. A lot of lives were saved by dogs after the earthquakes and explosions in different parts of the world.

F. Special trained dogs help to ease the lives of thousands disabled people. They lead the blind people, for example. At the National Institutes of Health the dogs visit children who are fighting deadly diseases. They brighten patients’ days with love and give children a chance to exercise and help them to stay strong during their long hospitalization.

G. Whether as workers or objects of affection, dogs have certainly proven themselves to be beneficial to humans in many ways. For many, the dog is also an obedient companion and friend. In some families dogs are treated like a child. People carefully prepare special meal; give them the healthiest, most wonderful life possible for as long as possible. For single people, dogs are the best way to escape loneliness. At the same time, their special place as ‘man’s best friend’ has allowed dogs to survive in a human world.

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

THE BIG PARTY

Harriet Reeves was a famous actress but her great success made her very selfish and unkind to people. On the stage she always tried to attract the attention of the public only to herself, and after the performance she took no notice of her fellow actors. She always made promises but never kept them.

When she grew older she began to have heart attacks and had to retire.

Harriet had a lot of money and could afford to live quite comfortably, but by this time everybody in the theatre hated her and she felt quite lonely.

A year later on her birthday she did not receive a single flower or a telephone call. She was so upset that she had a bad heart attack. The doctor who examined her told her frankly that her chance of living was not too good and insisted that she should stay in bed as much as possible.

Harriet took the news bravely and for a couple of weeks followed the doctor’s instructions. But one day she could no longer be alone and called in her butler (= agent) to talk over a plan.

'I want to give a big party next Saturday night,' she said. 'I shall invite all people with whom 1 worked at the theatre. I don’t doubt that they will come, as my parties with good food, drinks and music were always a success. Now I want you to make all the arrangements.'

Knowing how ill she was the butler tried to persuade her not to do it but she wouldn’t listen to him. The same evening the old actress wrote invitations to the theatre people. She thought she would get them together and apologize for her behavior in the past. 'No doubt, I’ll make friends with some of them and my life will be different in future,' she went on thinking.

At 10 o’clock on Saturday night none of the guests turned up. When Harriet realized that nobody would come to the party she suddenly felt weak and tired.

'I can’t blame them for not coming. I myself used to break a lot of appointments,' she said to the butler and started for her bedroom.

In a moment he heard a heavy fall. When he opened the door of her bedroom he saw Harriet Reeves lying on the floor. She was dead.

A few days later, when the butler was looking through the papers in her desk he discovered a pack of invitations Harriet had forgotten to post.

10
10

Harriet used to be a wellknown actress.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

11
11

Her doctor concealed her health problems.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

12
12

Harriet was rather wealthy woman.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

13
13

Her doctor concealed her health problems.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

14
14

Harriet decided to organize a party thinking only about herself.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

15
15

All the guests refused to come to the party.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

16
16

Her butler tried to calm her down.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

17
17

The butler discovered the real reason of the tragedy.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

 

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.

18
18

CHILDMrs MacDonald was an old woman who had three________________, all boys.

19
19

FIGHTBill, Tom and Steve MacDonald were adults, but they still_______________and argued with each other over the silliest things!

20
20

GOODWhen Mrs MacDonald celebrated her eighty-fifth birthday, her sons all tried to get her something she would really like. Each of the sons wanted her to like his present________of all!

21
21

THREEBill, ____________her and youngest son, bought her a big house with lots of rooms.

22
22

GETTom, the middle son,_______________ her a red sports car that could go very fast — 200 kilometres an hour!

23
23

BUYSteve, the oldest son, decided_______________ her a bird, a large green parrot, so Mrs MacDonald would have something to talk to when she was alone.

24
24

CLEANThe day after her birthday, Mrs MacDonald called Bill and said, 'Why would I want a big house? I'll spend all my time_______________it!'

25
25

NOT KNOWThen she called Tom and said, 'What am I going to do with that car? I________________how to drive!’

26
26

EVER SEEFinally, she called Steve. He was very surprised when he heard his mother say,' 1 loved your present, Steve! It's the funniest chicken I____________, but the fresh eggs I'll get from it will be wonderful!'

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.

27
27

LONGMore than 200 species of squirrels are found all over the world. Squirrels range in size from the African squirrels which are 7 centimeters in______, to the giant Indian squirrels that are more than 1 meter.

28
28

DIFFERGrey squirrels are most common in Russia. They come in many________colours, such as shades of grey, shades of brown or even black.

29
29

CERTAINNo matter where you live, city or suburb,______ there are squirrels in your neigh borhood.

30
30

FUNThese small ______ rodents are common in many parks.

31
31

ENTERTAINFeeding squirrels can be a great source of_______for small children and even adults In the wild, squirrels eat nuts, berries, and mushrooms.

32
32

FAMEThey are also______________of getting into bird feeders to eat seeds.

 

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Anne.

... We are doing an environmental project at school. Which of the environmental problems do you think are the most serious in your country ? Why ? How do you yourself help nature ?...

Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.

Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

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