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Вариант 18

Раздел 1. Аудирование

1
1

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. In a shopping centre

2. At dentist’s

3. In a pet shop

4. At an airport

5. At a vet’s

2
2

Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

People celebrate this holiday because

1. they believe some mystery.

2. they only want to have fun.

3. they greet coming of the season.

4. they follow the religious tradition.

5. they believe the prediction.

6. they want to be sinless.

Вы услышите разговор. В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

3
3

The narrator fell in love with_____.

1. a former colleague

2. a former friend's girlfriend

3. a collegemate

4
4

The narrator ate out in_____.

1. a familiar restaurant

2. a famous restaurant

3. the nearest restaurant

5
5

The narrator thinks_____.

1. it was unlucky date

2. it was a successful date

3. it was an amazing date

6
6

The narrator enjoys_____.

1. her beauty

2. her laugh

3. her mind

7
7

The narrator said his girlfriend_____.

1. answered yes immediately

2. refused to marry him

3. thought a little

8
8

The narrator told they got married_____.

1. that day

2. in a month

3. in half a year

 

Раздел 2. Чтение

9
9
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Process course

2. Personal contribution

3. Scientific predictions

4. Opposite point of view

5. Result of human activity

6. Process confirmations

7. Extinction of some species

8. New process beginning

GLOBAL WARMING

A. For 2,5 million years, the Earth’s climate has varied, moving between extremely cold ice ages and warmer periods. But in the last century, Earth’s temperature has risen unusually fast by nearly one degree Celsius. Scientists believe that human activity is making the temperature go up, a process known as global warming. And many are worried the situation is becoming critical.

B. Ever since the Industrial Revolution, factories, power plants, and, more recently, cars have burned fossil fuels such as oil and coal, releasing huge quantities of carbon dioxide and other gases into the atmosphere. These greenhouse gases trap heat near the Earth through a naturally occurring process called the ‘greenhouse effect’.

C. The greenhouse effect begins with the sun and energy it sends to the Earth. The Earth and the atmosphere take in some of this energy, while the rest goes back into space. Naturally occurring gases in the atmosphere trap some of this energy and reflect it back, warming the Earth. Scientists now believe that the greenhouse effect is being strengthened by greenhouse gases that are released by human activity.

D. Evidence for global warming includes a number of unexpectedly warm years in recent years. Scientists report that 1998 was the warmest year in measured history and 2005 was the second. Studies of ice cores show that greenhouse gases have reached their highest levels in the past 420 000 years. Arctic sea ice is also shrinking. According to NASA studies, the area covered by Arctic sea has decreased by about ten percent in the last 30 years.

E. If countries continue to use a lot of fossil fuel resources, the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will continue to rise. Researchers predict that temperatures will increase by about one to six degrees Celsius by the end of the century. So some climate models say there will be only slight changes. Others predict rises in sea levels that could flood coastal areas. Changing weather patterns could make huge storms like hurricanes more frequent.

F. Extreme droughts could become more common in warm areas, and some animals, which may not be able to adapt, could face extinction. For example, a polar bear and her cub rest on an iceberg in the Arctic Ocean. If warming continues, the Arctic could lose its permanent ice cap by the end of this century. And it will be impossible for the polar bears to live in such conditions.

G. There is still a lot to be learned about global warning. However, many believe that governments and corporations can help to reduce the impact of global warming by cutting greenhouse gas emissions. Consumers can also help by saving energy around the house, for example, by using light bulbs that require less energy and driving fewer miles each week. These simple changes may help to keep the Earth cooler in the future.

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

WHY SOME DON'T CARE ABOUT THEIR APPEARANCE

Despite the great standardization of society there are still people who are able to avoid the notion that you have to adapt to a particular standard of beauty mainly because they are comfortable in their own skin. It might appear that these individuals don't care at all what they look like when the reality is that they simply have different priorities, and so even if their appearance doesn’t feature very highly on their list it doesn't mean that they give no consideration to their appearance.

For some individuals appearance is extremely important because it gives them an edge. They may already feel confidence when they are with colleagues and friends, but looking good gives them the extra boost they need. Other people don’t attribute that much importance to appearances, especially if they have a laid-back attitude, are confident in themselves, and don’t have a job which requires power-dressing. This doesn't mean they don't care about their appearance; just that they have better things to do with their time than dressing up when all they are going to do is sit behind a desk all day.

Some people do care about their appearance, although it may not look that way to others. There are individuals who possess their own unique sense of style, which might entail showing off their tattoos and piercings, as well as wearing clothes which don't seem to go together and look rather scruffy. However, these individuals may well belong to their own 'tribe' and this is their uniform. As far as their fellow 'members' are concerned they are one of them, and are dressed to reflect this. The rest of the world might think these individuals don't care about their appearance, but usually the opposite is true.

Of course, there are those who really don’t care what they look like. If you’re homeless, have a drink or drug problem, or a mental health issue, you can be forgiven for not making your appearance a priority.

Unfortunately, everybody is judged by their appearance in this society, so that if you don't fit in with what is expected you are usually written off as being a bit strange. Everybody has their ups and downs, though, and surely nobody spends every second of their life trying to look their best. There are occasions when you're sick or are grieving and feel down, so that the last thing on your mind is your appearance. Only the people closest to you are able to judge if you are 'yourself or not, though, since strangers see you for a second without thinking how you are feeling at any given moment.

Most people do care about their appearance when they are in good spirits and things are going well in their life because they want to demonstrate that they belong to this society, which generally means following certain standards in terms of their appearance. There may be some who decide to ignore convention, but these tend to be in the minority, while very few individuals don't care at all what others think about the way they look.

10
10

Some people don’t care what they look like as they find it unimportant.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

11
11

Tattoos and piercings can be taken as a sign of haut couture.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

12
12

There are people who think dressing up is useless for their job.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

13
13

Tattoos and piercings can be taken as a sign of haut couture.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

14
14

Some people don’t look proper but the same as their friends.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

15
15

Men are usually preoccupied by bigger problems than appearance.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

16
16

Only strangers can make a just decision about your look.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

17
17

Few people are inattentive to the norms of appearance in society.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

 

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.

18
18

HEMany people realized that Pablo Picasso was a genius but he disappointed those who wanted ______________to become a traditional painter.

19
19

GOODHe was always breaking the rules of artistic traditions and shocked public with his strange and powerful pictures. He is probably _____________ known for his 'Cubist' pictures, which used only simple geometric shapes.

20
20

MAKEHis paintings of people often______________up of triangles and squares with their features in the wrong place.

21
21

MEANHis work changed our ideas about art and, nowadays, to millions of people modern art_____________ the work of Picasso.

22
22

BEARGeorge Bernard Shaw, an outstanding Irish PlayTV wright and critic,______________in Dublin on July 26, 1856 to a poor protestant family.

23
23

MOVELater the family _____________ to London. There he started writing novels and plays.

24
24

WRITEBetween 1892 and 1930 he_____________ over twenty plays, both tragedies and comedies.

25
25

POPULAROne of the______________plays is 'Pygmalion'.

26
26

BEIn many countries of the world this play always ________a great success with the public.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.

27
27

GROWAccording to the latest research there are two main problems to consider. One of them is the constant increase of nuclear radiation produced by power stations and nuclear tests, the other — is the rapid_____________of population.

28
28

DANGERThe speed, with which we are using up our non-renewable resources like oil and gas, is____________.

29
29

DEVELOPWith the____________'__of our civilization we have become the worst enemies to the planet and to ourselves.

30
30

CRITICSome scientists are pessimistic about our problems and think we have reached the point of no return or the____________stage.

31
31

OPTIMISMOthers are_____________who believe that our ecological problems are solvable.

32
32

THREATENAt least more and more people begin to understand how_____________they are for the humanity.

 

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Daniel.

... Thanksgiving is the time to say "Thank you!" to those who have always cared for you. So I've written some Thanksgiving letters to the people who are very dear to me. Mom is going to cook turkey today. It's delicious! I like this holiday!

.

..Do you celebrate any holidays in autumn and winter, what are they? What holiday do you like best of all and why? What do you do on this day?..

Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.

Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

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