Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
1. In a swimming pool
2. In a street
3. On a bus excursion
4. In a travel agency
5. In a hotel
Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.
1. The speaker invites to see the garden.
2. The speaker combines office work and gardening.
3. The speaker has a garden because of high market prices.
4. The speaker decides to find the information about planting in a special book.
5. The speaker was taught how to look after the garden.
6. The speaker doesn’t want to spend much time on gardening.
On his first day Max came to school
1) exactly on time.
2) too late.
3) too early.
Max's school is located
1) in the city centre.
2) near the library.
3) in the park.
In class Max's classmates speak
1) their native languages.
2) only English.
3) Max's native language.
1) has a special computer room.
2) is a computer-free zone.
3) has computers in every classroom.
Max is disappointed with school
1) cafeteria food.
2) library facilities.
3) sports facilities.
In the evening Max is going to
1) walk around the city.
2) do his homework.
3) go to a party.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Safe solutions are still needed
2. International efforts to stop pollution
3. Science for nature protection
4. Set to protect nature
5. Air pollution in the chain of global destruction
6. We are all elements of global ecosystem
7. Melting Ice
8. Hope for the future
A. People have lived on our planet for many years. We may live on different continents and in different countries but we all depend on our planet, on the sun, on animals and plants around us. We must take care of Earth but not destruct wildlife. Many species of animals and birds are disappearing nowadays. We cut down trees to make furniture but we forget that people can’t live without trees and plants. Every little creature or thing on Earth plays its own part and makes our home unique.
B. One of the biggest eco problems is pollution. The main reason of pollution is rubbish. Most of our rubbish goes to big holes in the ground, called dumps. But dumps are very dangerous for our life, because they are full of rats, which can carry infections away from dumps. Another way to get rid of rubbish is to burn it. But the fires make poisons, which go into the air and pollute it. This is the proper scientists should get interested in. Such researchers are worth spending money on.
C. The Royal Society for the prevention of cruelty to animals (the RSPCA) tries to protect animals from bad use. It operates big nation campaigns aimed at lost pets and circus animals. The World Wildlife Fund (The WWF) rescued several species of animals, mammals as well as birds. These organizations also helped to create more than 250 National parks. Greenpeace began its work 20 years ago from saving whales. And now Greenpeace is a world-famous organization, which saves plants, animals and people.
D. Every year world industry pollutes the atmosphere with about 1000 million tons of dust and harmful substances. Many cities suffer from smog. Vast forests are cut down and bum in fire. Their disappearance upsets the oxygen balance. As a result some rare species of animals, birds, fish and plants disappear forever, a number of lakes and rivers dry up. The pollution of air and the world destruction of the ozone layer is the result of man's careless interaction with nature, a sign of ecological crises.
E. Numerous conferences have been held to discuss questions of ecologically poor regions including the Aral Sea, the South Urals, Kuzbass, Donbass, Semipalatsinsk and Chernobyl. An international environmental research center has been set up on Lake Baikal. Scientists are also doing much to preserve the environment. But these are only the initial steps that must be carried forward to protect not only for the sake of the present but for the future generations.
F. Most scientists around the world agree that the Earth is getting warmer. They believe that some places are already 2 °C hotter than they were 50 years ago, and that temperatures will go up another 5 °C in 11 next hundred years. This means that the ice at the North and South pole will melt, the oceans will expand and the sea will rise by as much as one metre.
G. In many ways we are luckier than the Easter Islanders, we know about the problems and dangers and what we should do. Let us hope that we do not make the same mistakes and learn to look after the environment.
Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
I met Richards ten or more years ago when I first went down to Cuba. He was a short, sharpfaced, agreeable chap, then about 22. He introduced himself to me on the boat and I was surprised to find that Panamerica Steel was sending us both to the same job.
Richards was from some not very good state university engineering school. Being the same age myself and just out of technical college I saw at once that his knowledge of engineering was rather poor. I couldn’t imagine how he had managed to get this job.
Richards was naturally likable, and I liked him a lot. The firm had a contract for the construction of a private railroad. For Richards and me it was mostly an easy job of inspections and routine paper work. At least it was easy for me. It was harder for Richards. When he asked me to check his figures I found his calculations awful. So when I had time I checked his figures for him, and the inspector only caught him in a bad mistake about twice.
In January several directors of the United Sugar Company came down to us on business, but mostly pleasure; a good excuse to get south on a vacation. Richards and I were to accompany them around the place. One of the directors, Mr Prosset was asking a number of questions. I knew the job well enough to answer every sensible question — the sort of question that a trained engineer would be likely to ask. But Mr Prosset was not an engineer and some of his questions put me at a loss. For the third time I was obliged to say, ’I am afraid I don’t know, sir. We haven’t any calculations on that’. Then suddenly Richards spoke up.
’I think, about nine million cubic feet, sir', he said, 'I just happened to be working this out last night. Just for my own interest'.
'Oh,' said Mr Prosset, turning in his seat and giving him a sharp look. 'That’s very interesting, Mr... er... Richards, isn’t it? Well now, maybe you could tell me about...' Richards could. Richards knew everything. All the way up Mr Prosset fired questions at him and he fired answers right back. When we reached the head of the rail, a motor was waiting for Mr Prosset. He nodded to me absentmindedly, shook hands with Richards.
As soon as the car moved off, I exploded. 'A little honest bluff doesn’t hurt; but some of your figures...!' 'Listen, my son,' said Richards kindly, 'He wasn’t asking for any information he was going to use. He doesn’t want to know these figures. He won’t remember them. I don’t even remember them myself. What he is going to remember is you and me. Yes, believe me, he is going to remember that Panamerica Steel has a bright, young man named Richards who could tell him everything he wanted — just the sort of chap he can use; not like that other fellow who took no interest in his work, couldn’t answer the simplest question and who is going to be doing smalltime contracting all his life.’
It is true. I am still working for the company, still doing a little work for the construction line. And Richards? I happened to read in a newspaper a few weeks ago that Richards had been made vicepresident and director of Panamerica Steel when the Prosset Group bought the old firm.
Richards knowledge in engineering left much to be desired.
3. NOT STATED
The author was surprised that Richards had got this job.
3. NOT STATED
The author refused to check the calculations made by Richards.
3. NOT STATED
The inspector reduced Richards’ salary when caught him in a bad mistake.
3. NOT STATED
Mr Prosset was asking a lot of questions which the author could not answer.
3. NOT STATED
Richards knew everything because he had worked out the questions by his own.
3. NOT STATED
The author couldn’t answer Mr Prosset’s questions because he took no interest in his work.
3. NOT STATED
Richards was made vicepresident and director of Panamerica Steel in a couple of years after the described episode.
3. NOT STATED
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.
GOOne cold December evening, an Austrian electrician called Karl Emminger and his wife________to a party at a friend’s house.
LEAVESoon after midnight, they_______the party.
SNOWIt________for the whole day and they were walking quickly to the bus stop to catch the last bus home.
DRIVETen minutes later, they were at the bus stop, when a bus,_______by Oskar Schillab,
STOPdrove past them without 22_______.
CATCHFurious, Karl________a taxi and told the driver to follow the bus.
GETНе thought that he_______this bus at the next red traffic light.
STANDAnd he did so. Karl jumped out of the taxi, onto the bus and hit Oskar angrily. Shocked, Oskar took his foot off the brake. The bus, which_______on a hill, moved forward the shop at the comer.
CRASHAs the result of this accident the shop window _______, causing thousands of pounds of damage!
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.
COMBINEFor most people, a dream home is just that... a dream. But for those people who have the right __________of money and idea,
REALbuilding that dream can become___________and the results can be rather strange!
REVOLVEA Frenchman named Francois Labbe built the world’s first__________house in the village of Saint-Isidore, near Nice.
SPAINMade of metal, it can turn to the sun at the press of a button. A___________ex-priest named Justo Gallego spent nearly thirty years building his own personal cathedral.
SURPRISEThis strange building looks like a castle with its two 55-metre towers. Not__________, perhaps, it’s in the USA that the idea of dream homes seems strongest.
WANTJim Onan from Illinois built his own five-storey golden pyramid. The pyramid is surrounded by water- and just to make sure there are no __________visitors, there are sharks swimming around in it.
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Julia.
... You know I have been playing the piano since I was five. Frankly speaking, I have never thought to be a professional pianist, but everything has changed on Monday. My teacher offered me to take part in International piano competition. I’m very excited; it may be my big chance. Do you think I should try? I’m not sure that I have any chance to win. What do you think about my future career as a pianist? Do you like listing to classical music? As for me I can’t imagine my life without it...
Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.
Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
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